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The KGB, The Start and The End of the Russian Revolution
Transcript of The KGB, The Start and The End of the Russian Revolution
At the begining of February Petrograd workers were on strike, and as a result they were fired and the shops were closed.
The KGB Russian Revolution October Revolution 1894 1917 1905 Timeline of the Russian Revolution Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti or Committee for State Security
Комитет государственной безопасности
Formed: January 1, 1954; 58 years ago
Dissolved: 6 November 1991 (de facto)
: 3 December 1991 (de jure)
De facto – in practice
De jure – by law
the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991, and was the premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization during that time. It started out as the Cheka, which was established to defend the October Revolution and the nascent Bolshevik state from its enemies. The Cheka suppressed counter-revolutionary activity with domestic terror and international deception. Lenin to authorized the Cheka's creation of the INO (Foreign-intelligence Department). In 1922, Lenin's regime re-named the Cheka to the State Political Directorate, later known as the KGB.
A series of meetings and rallies were held for International Women's Day, which gradually turned into economic and political gathering. Demonstrations were organized to demand bread, and these were supported by the industrial working force who considered them a reason for continuing the strikes By March 10, virtually every industrial enterprise in Petrograd had been shut down, together with many commercial and service enterprises The middle history of the KGB culminates in the Great Purge (1936–1938) killings of civil, military, and government people deemed politically unreliable.
In 1941, under Chairman Lavrentiy Beria, the OGPU became the NKGB (People's Commissariat for State Security, integral to the NKVD) and recovered from the Great Purge of the thirties. Yet, the NKGB unwisely continued pandering to Stalin's conspiracy fantasies—whilst simultaneously achieving its deepest penetrations of the West
People wanted to get rid of the Russian monarchy Tsar Nicholas recieved a telegram from the Chairman of Duma Mikhail Rodzianko stating
-The situation is serious. The capital is in a state of anarchy. The Government is paralyzed. Transport service and the supply of food and fuel have become completely disrupted. General discontent is growing... There must be no delay. Any procrastination is tantamount to death.
In the 1980s, the KGB Chairman Vladimir Kryuchkov to lead the August 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev. The thwarted coup d'état ended the KGB on 6 November 1991. The KGB's successors are the secret police agency FSB (Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) and the espionage agency SVR (Foreign Intelligence Service). The Tsarist Regime was falling apart and government authority in the capital collapsed. Few soldiers of the Volinsky Guard Regiment joined in the riots, those who did not where either killed or went into hiding. Remaining loyal soldier switched allegiance Start of reign of Nicholas II. 1898 The Tsar went to Petrograd and when he arrived the army chiefs and his remaining ministers suggested he abdicate the throne. 1903 Second Congress of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Beginning of split between Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. March 15, Tsar Nicholas II stepped down from the throne and he nominated his brother Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich to be the next Tsar but he declined the offer believing he would recieve little support as ruler. Russo-Japanese War; Russia loses war. 1904–5 First Congress of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). Before Revolution The Revolution!
Part 1 January: Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg.
Bloody Sunday was a massacre on Jan. 22, 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia, where unarmed, peaceful demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar were gunned down by the Imperial Guard while approaching the city center and the Winter Palace from several gathering points. The disregard for ordinary people undermined support for the state. It was one of the key events which led to the eventual Russian Revolution of 1917.
Holding religious icons and singing hymns and patriotic songs, a crowd of "more than 300,000" proceeded without police interference towards the Winter Palace, the Tsar's official residence. The number killed is uncertain but the Tsar's officials recorded 96 dead and 333 injured; anti-government sources claimed more than 4,000 dead; moderate estimates still average around 1,000 killed or wounded The army pickets near the palace released warning shots, and then fired directly into the crowds to disperse them On October 23, 1917, the Bolsheviks' Central Committee voted 10-2 for a resolution saying that "an armed uprising is inevitable, and that the time for it is fully ripe". November 5, Bolshevik leader Jaan Anvelt led his leftist revolutionaries in an uprising in Tallinn, Estonia. October: general strike, Saint Petersburg Soviet formed November 7, the Bolsheviks led their forces in an uprising in Petrograd against the Russian Provisional Government. Vladmir Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik party led an assualt on the Winter Palace, but it has been argued that since Lenin was not present during the assualt, it was Leon Trosky and his organiztion that led the revolution and it was Lenin's leadership that instigated the uprising. Not to be Confused with the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 led to the establishment of limited constitutional monarchy, the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the multi-party system The State Duma of the Russian Empire was a legislative assembly in the late Russian Empire, which met in the Taurida Palace in St. Petersburg. It was convened four times between 1906 and the collapse of the Empire in 1917 The Revolution!
Part 2 Centered on the then capital Petrograd (modern day St. Petersburg)
Its immediate result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Romanov dynasty, and the end of the Russian Empire. The Feburary Revolution Romanov dynasty - the second and last imperial dynasty to rule over Russia, reigning from 1613 until the February Revolution abolished the crown in 1917 Six days after the end of the strikes, Nicholas, no longer Tsar and addressed with contempt by the sentries as "Nicholas Romanov", was reunited with his family. He was placed under house arrest with his family by the Provisional Government. He, along with the rest of his family, were murdered by firing squad inside their home a year later. The October Revolution Led to:
The creation of Soviet Russia
The end of Russian Provisional Government, Russian Republic and dual power
The start of the Russian Civil War also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution, Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution ; It was a political revolution and mass insurrection. An assault led by Vladmir Lenin (or Leon Trosky) was launched at 9:45 p.m. signaled by a blank shot from the cruiser Aurora. The Winter Palace was guarded by Cossacks, cadets (military students), and a Women's Battalion. It was taken at about 2 a.m. The archival version shows that parties of Bolshevik operatives sent out by Lenin (or Trosky) took over all critical centers of power in Petrograd in the early hours of the night without a shot being fired. In actual fact the effectively unoccupied Winter Palace also was taken bloodlessly by a small group which broke in, got lost in the cavernous interior, and accidentally happened upon the remnants of Kerensky's provisional government in the imperial family's breakfast room. "The Night" The Second Congress of Soviets consisted of 670 elected delegates; 300 were Bolshevik and nearly a hundred were Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, who also supported the overthrow of the Alexander Kerensky Government. When the fall of the Winter Palace was announced, the Congress adopted a decree transferring power to the Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies, thus ratifying the Revolution.
The Decree on Land ratified the actions of the peasants who throughout Russia seized private land and redistributed it among themselves. The Bolsheviks viewed themselves as representing an alliance of workers and peasants and memorialized that understanding with the Hammer and Sickle on the flag and coat of arms of the Soviet Union All Russian banks were nationalized.
Private bank accounts were confiscated.
The Church's properties (including bank accounts) were seized.
All foreign debts were repudiated.
Control of the factories was given to the soviets.
Wages were fixed at higher rates than during the war, and a shorter, eight-hour working day was introduced.
The success of the October Revolution transformed the Russian state from parliamentarian to socialist in character