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Transcript of Greece
Language and Religion:
The Professional Life of
Greece is a very old and interesting country, come and check it out.
Thanks to Ancient Greece we now have Theater,Philosophy,and Democracy. In art the greek made life like paintings and statues for later artists to imitate.The greeks also made new forms of literature: history and drama.They made advances to geometry. In philosophy they made a system of reasoning. In government they made democracy. In architecture ,they built large temples of of marble still admired by architects around the world. But around 300 BC Greece became pat of Alexander The Great's empire. Under Alexander, Greek culture spread throughout his empire.
The Romans And The Turks
Alexander's empire did not last very long. When it broke up, Greece became part of another empire, the Roman Empire. For about 300 years, the Greeks lived under Roman rule. Around 400 AD the Roman empire split in to 2 parts. Greece became a part of the east, or Byzantine, Empire. The rulers of this Empire admired the Greeks, and encouraged everything about them. Greece was part of the Byzantine Empire for about 1,000 years,but in the 1300s-1400s, Greece was taken over by the Ottoman Turks from central Asia.Even though the Turks were Muslim, they were allowed to stay Christian. However, some elements of Greek culture faded, like how some started to speak Turkish instead for example.
Urban And Rural Greece
Many Greeks were not happy under the Turkish rule. For what they desired was to be of any kind of foreign rule. They finally rose up against the Turks in the early 1800s. They all thought that they were likely to fail, but they received help from some other European countries and managed drive the Turks out. After this rebellion the Greeks developed a monarchy. The government has severely changed since the rebellion. The first kings took steps to restoring democracy,but through the 1900s mostly received instability. A military dictatorship had ruled from 1967 to 1974. But once again democracy has finally once again taken root in the country were it was born nearly 2,500 years ago.
Greece today speaks roughly the same language their ancestors spoke long ago. In fact, Greek is one of the oldest languages sill spoken in Greece today. Nearly everyone in Greece belongs to the Orthodox Church, a branch of Christianity that just so happens to date back to the Byzantine Empire.Religion is very important to the Greeks, and holidays such as Easter are great times for celebration.
Greek customs reflect the country's long history and physical geography. Greek food for example, is influenced by products native to Greece and by groups who ruled Greece over time. Certain ingredients including lamb, olives, and vegetables are easily available in Greece because they grow well there. As the result, the ingredients are commonly used because how they can be easily they can be obtained. Greek cuisine was eventually enhanced later from ideas from people like the Turks. From these Turks, the Greeks learned how to cook with yogurt and honey, and from the Italians they learned about pasta. The meals are often eaten at family gatherings, which for centuries, has been central to Greek culture.
About three-fifths of all people in Greece today live in cities. Of all of these cities, Athens-the nations capital-is by far the largest. In fact, almost one-third of the country's entire population either lives in or around Athens. Athens is a huge city where old and new mix. Modern skyscrapers rise high above ancient Greek ruins of ancient temples. Most of the county's industry is centered there. However, the big business has caused tons of air pollution, which damages ruins and causes health problems. Outside of the city, life is very different. People in rural areas still live largely as they did for centuries. Many live in isolated mountain ages, where they grow crops and raise sheep and goats. Village life often centers around the village square. people meet there to discuss local events and make decisions.
Even though Greece is experiencing rapid economic growth, it is still lagging behind some other European nations.This lag is mostly caused by lack of resources.Only about one fifth of it's land can be farmed.The rest of the land is to rugged. One industry it excels in is shipping.Greece has one of the largest shipping fleets in the world. Another profitable industry in Greece is tourism. Millions of people visit from around the world to see Greece's.