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King Philip II of Spain

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Mackenzie Burbage

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of King Philip II of Spain

King Philip of Spain
Ruling/Monarchy
Even the nobles of the Castles were controlled by Philip.

They had no "really" power concerning the administration of the Castles (except as viceroys: who were basicly like advisers.)

Their families were considered prestigious in Spain although they didn't really have much power, they only held a Noble title.
Land He Ruled
He also created what was known as a Council of State to advise the king. However, the king himself never attended it, thus it had no really power or authority.
1559: He and Henry II signed the peace of Cateau-Cambresis.
As proof of French peace, he married Elizabeth of France


He later on in his life sent troops to the Netherlands to put an end to the Protestant uprising
Accomplishments
Philip II." Philip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
Philip II
1527–1598

Philip II of Spain." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
He inherited the Kingdoms of Spain, Naples, and the Netherlands
His father was Charles V
He was briefly married to Mary the First (of England)
Historical Character Directory." History Curriculum Homeschool. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
King Philip II
Had 4 Wives at
different times
Maria of Portugal
Married 1543
Gave birth to Don Carlos
Died 1545
Mary I of England
Married 1554
Philip became King of England until...
Mary died in 1558

Elizabeth of Valois
Married 1559
Gave birth to:
Isabella Clara Eugenia,
Catherine Micaela
Died 1568
Anna of Austria
Married 1570
Only surviving son was Philip III
Died 1580
Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II." Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
1556: He and Henry II signed the truce of Vaucelles between France and Spain.

Led Spanish troops to victory against France at the battle of:
"St. Quentin."
He became the king of Portugal later in his life
and decided to side with he pope on invading England. He went on this "Catholic Crusade" in hopes of stopping the spread of Protestant Ideas.
His group of Spanish troops were known as the "Spanish Armada." In 1588, after a devastating storm, they were defeated by the English fleets.
He died not to long after leaving his people in the midst of a fight he had been responsible for starting
Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II." Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II." Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
Throughout the time that he ruled, he acquired or at some point had control over a vast amount of land.
Parts of Italy
Portugal
Netherlands
Parts of France
and for a time, part of England
Ruling/Monarchy
Kingdoms run by professional graduates who received orders from the King and carried them out. They received positions based on ability, not family
They were the King's mouthpiece to the territories.
Philip considered their opinions and used them to help him make decisions.
During his reign Spain was the foremost Western European power.
"The empire on which the sun never sets" was an expression used during Philip's time to reflect the enormous amount of land and possessions he had acquired.
Philip felt it necessary to be involved in the details of his government, so he created specialized councils for state affairs, finance, war, and the Inquisition.
The 'Inquisition" was meant to uphold the Catholic beliefs throughout the kingdom.
"Philip II". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 04 Oct. 2013
He was said to have believed in the "divine right" of monarchs.
He often used this idea to justify many immoral and illegal acts. For example, ordering murders.
Birth: May 21, 1527 in Valladolid, Spain
Death: September 13, 1598 in Madrid, Spain

"King Philip II." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Oct 07 2013, 10:50
Philip II of Spain." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
King Philip II." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Oct 07 2013, 10:50
Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II." Monarchs Major Accomplishments for His Country - Phillip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
Philip II." Philip II. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
"Philip II of Spain." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 July 2013. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
"Phillip II and Government." Phillip II and Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013
Opinions...
Ciatation: Trueman, Chris. "Phillip II and Government." Phillip II and Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013.
Citation: "Phillip II and Government." Phillip II and Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2013
Full transcript