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Thomas Jefferson VS. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Transcript of Thomas Jefferson VS. Franklin D. Roosevelt
American Sphinx: Thomas Jefferson vs. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Four Aspects of Jefferson's Presidency
Foreign affairs controlled his presidency, so it began pushing him towards the federalist policies that went against his political philosophies.
U.S benefited from France and Great Britain going to war due to the fact that the United States is one one carrying supplies to the warring powers
Cut military by half its size
Barbary Pirates (Ransom)
Wanted a wise and frugal government ; wanting to stop men from hurting each other
Didn't want a controlling government
Believed in Disciplined Militia for national defense against invasions
See's that a good government would advocate encouragement of agriculture
Federalist v. Republicans
Marbury vs. Madison
Original American Patriot
He was known for his hostility on a strong central government and also the judicial overreach of the Supreme Court. Jefferson jettisoned strict construction when it comes to the nation’s vital interests was threatened.
Clarified and changed the views of the people to see that Great Britain had no right to rule over the colonies
Louisiana Purchase- Decided to sell the new brought land as the nation's economy.
Embargo Act-Led to economic depression for the nation.
Wanted a small nation and government. He cut everything up. EX: Cut internal taxes and cut half into the army.
He was more focused on agriculture for the nation.
Impact & Legacy
Thomas Jefferson's presidency came to be known as the "Virginia Dynasty"
He was a great democratic icon due to his potential to understanding the peoples power's
Fundamental and universal principles of self- govern
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson's Aspects vs.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Aspects
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"10 things you didnât know about Thomas Jefferson - Washington Post." Featured Articles From The Washington Post. http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2011-06-30/lifestyle/35234252_1_ice-cream-books-personal-library (accessed October 10, 2013).
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"American President: Thomas Jefferson: Foreign Affairs." Miller Center. http://millercenter.org/president/jefferson/essays/biography/5 (accessed October 10, 2013).
Hutchins, Julia. "Facts on Thomas Jefferson - Inventions, quotes and fun facts.." American History Fun Facts - American History is anything but boring!. http://www.american-history-fun-facts.com/facts-on-thomas-jefferson.html (accessed October 10, 2013).
"Interesing Facts." Eastern Illinois University :: Eastern Illinois University Homepage. http://castle.eiu.edu/~wow/tjfacts.html (accessed October 10, 2013).
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"Timeline of Jefferson's Life « Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello." Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. http://www.monticello.org/site/jefferson/timeline-jeffersons-life (accessed October 10, 2013).
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ancient, elements from, Renaissance Palladian, 18th century French architecture, as well as British, Virginian design, and fuse into a harmonious whole.. "Thomas Jefferson, American Architect | Poplar Forest." Main | Poplar Forest. http://www.poplarforest.org/jefferson/architect (accessed October 10, 2013).
recovery, 1935 the Nation had achieved some measure of, but businessmen, bankers were turning more, and more against Roosevelt&. "Franklin D. Roosevelt | The White House." The White House. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklindroosevelt (accessed October 10, 2013).
Life of Architect
Thomas Jefferson is considered as one of the founding fathers
He drafted and wrote the declaration of independence
He was appointed Minister of France (where they loved him)
He was the first secretary of state
Helped to find the Committee of Correspondence
Accentuated natural rights, along with immigration and denied parliament authority over the colonies.
He believed that the America Revolution was not only a struggle against foreign rule but individual rights as well.
Did you know?
Known as: "Man of the people"
Thomas Jefferson was born on April 14, 1743 in Goochland country, Virginia. He died on July 4, 1826, Monticello, near Charlottesville, Virginia.
Very well educated and came from a rich family who owned a plantation with slaves.
He later became a lawyer under George Wythe and was a member of the house of burgesess during the beginning of his professional life.
Soon married to a widow named Martha Wayles Skelton
He later had six children but only two had survived to adulthood
1800's Jefferson's victory over James Adams
First transfer of national authority from one political group to another
Marbury v. Madison, big Supreme Court case during Jefferson's presidency that led to Judicial Review.
One of the most his important event during presidency was the purchase of the Louisiana Territory,
Ended slave trade
Did you know??
• He loved books. During 1814, the original Library of Congress was attacked by British troops with all of the books burnt. Jefferson had offered his own library as a replacement. A year later, the Library of Congress was restocked with 6,487 books which had belonged to Jefferson.
• He liked vanilla ice cream. He was mostly likely the first to have tasted ice cream during his travels in France. He actually brought home a recipe, which is kept in the Library of Congress.
• Jefferson had pet mockingbirds. He kept them as pets and loved their singing. His favorite bird’s name was Dick.
• He loved writing letters. Over his lifetime, he wrote about 19,000 letters
• Jefferson’s best friend as a child was Dabney Carr. The two promised each other that when they died they would be buried under an oak tree not far from where Monticello was later built. Dabney died and was buried in a local cemetery. After coming back from Europe, he orders that Dabney’s remains be deposited under the oak. As promised, Jefferson and his family were later laid in that same spot.
• He designed and started the University of Virginia.
• Jefferson secretly entered in a contest to design the White House in 1792 but did not get chosen.
• Jefferson grew tomatoes at Monticello. Although many people believed that tomatoes were poisonous. He caused quite a stir when eating on publicly in Lynchburg.
• Jefferson favorite foods were macaroons, macaroni and peas. He ate little meat. "I have lived temperately, eating little animal food, and that . . . as a condiment for the vegetables, which constitute my principal diet."
• A gift from Zebulon Pike’s expedition, Jefferson kept two grizzly bears on the White House lawn.
• Jefferson like experimenting with planting many varieties of vegetables and fruits at Monticello
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Born: January 30, 1882, Hyde Park, New York
Died: April 12, 1945, Warm Springs, Georgia
Brief Life: Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) was struck into office during one of the worst times in America. In the middle of the Great Depression and WWII, FDR guided America thought its greatest domestic crisis. He served as president for 12 years in which he helped bring about the new beginnings of a national recovery.
How successful was these four aspects?
Many of these four aspects of Thomas Jefferson were considered as successful, yet the unsuccessful rates are also pretty high. For example, the U.S were benefiting a lot when France went into war with Great Britain, and the reason U.S earned lots from that war because the U.S was carrying supplies to the warring powers, but soon they banned the U.S cargo, so profit dropped dramatically. Although, he was a great leader and president, some of his ideas were far-fetched and led to negative effects. For example, the Embargo Act, leading the U.S in depression.
Domestic Affairs: (3/5) He tried to help the nation but did not want a big govenement, just wanted a small and appropriate one. No means of expanding.
Foreign Affairs: (3/5) He made some big mistakes, in foreign affairs. (Embargo Act)
Leadership: (4/5) He was a good leader for the nation, he cared about the nation and tried to make it a better one. Just some of his plans were a bit unsuccessful.
Economics: (3/5) He focused on agriculture. Also some of his plan were not as successful as he wanted it to be.
How successful were F.D.R's Presidential Aspects
Four Aspects of Franklin D. Roosevelt 's Presidency
-FDR committed the U.S to defeat the fascist Germany, Japan, and Italy. Led the nation and allies to the brink of victory.
-FDR spent much of his time bring America out of depression. He however did not ignore America's foreign policy when he created the New Deal.
-He helped balance Internationalism, while economic problems at home.
-Believed that the U.S had an important role to play in the world.
-By, 1930s, the nation's economic woes and the presence of an isolationist streak among a number of Americas forced FDR to trim internationalist sails.
-With the war in Europe and Asia, FDR urged the U.S into combat. Pearl Harbor fully brought the U.S into combat.
-Four months between FDR's election and his inauguration, the economic condition had deteriorated.
-Upon accepting the nation's condition, FDR promised a "New Deal," to help America out of depression. There were "three," different deals.
-FDR's immediate task upon his inauguration was to stabilize the nation's banking system, using"fireside chats," he convinced the nation that their money would be safe.
-To help with the crisis of starvation and the nation's unemployed, he establish relief programs.
-He also hoped to recover America's agriculture. Developing the AAA Act.
-He also reorganized the government.
-Still, the recovery slow but it was progressing.
-WWII, brought an end to the Great Depression.
-Great leadership guided the U.S. out of the Great Depression
-In politics, FDR and his democratic party built a power base, which carried the party to electoral, if no ideological dominance until the later 1960s.
-FDR's politics, expectantly the New Deal, helped redefine and strengthen both the American state, and more mainly the American presidency. Helping to expand the political, administrative, and constitutional powers of the office.
-Created the Social Security
-Laid heavy taxes on the wealthy
-Many focused on public works such as highways, public parks etc.
-Used Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC to get people to use banks again, because in the beginning of his presidency nearly all banks were closed
-Used the Wagner Act, which is a U.S labor law that states the basic rights of private sector employees, but this act does not protect those who are domestic employees, railroad workers etc.
Impact & Legacy
-The longest tenure in American history.
-He reshaped the American presidency. He built a bond with himself and the public. The president's duties grew to encompass not only those of the chief executives.
-The American federal government assumed new and powerful roles in the nation's economy.
FDR was a great leader due to his incredible leadership skills in leading America out of its most significant crisis ever in history. Elected in the middle of the Great Depression and WWII;He was very successful in all aspects of his presidency. He guided America through its greatest domestic crisis (exception of the Civil War) and foreign crisis. Still, there are always some issues with the way a president's leadership. For example, some believed that he was leading towards dictatorship, in his attempt to seize control over the Supreme Court. The are was also criticism toward his "New Deal" Plan. Still, his impact and legacy still lives today, as being known as one of the most best presidents to have governed over America.
Domestic Crisis: (4/5)For helping, with the affairs of the country and state during the Great Depression. Some of his plans did have a lot of criticism.
Foreign Crisis: (4/5) We also rate foreign affairs as domestic affairs because the U.S. was pulled into WWII, but we did successfully make it out.
Leadership: (5/5) As a leader of our country and getting us out of crisis. He was a great leader under the pressures of the nation's dilemma.
Economics: (5/5) He did a wonderful job in trying to revitalize our economy after suffering much debt.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Political Career before 1800's:
" man of the people
He was the leading figure of America's early development
a man who believes more in agriculture
1807, Act prohibiting the importation of slaves, established a severe punishment opposing to the international trade. But this failed to regulate domestic trade.
1809, Embargo Act, forbid american ships to go and trade with G. Britain and France eventually caused depression.
Marbury vs. Madison
Dramatically cut the federal government by reduced the spending of his administration and the armed forces as well
Yet, he was able to reduced more than 25% of the national debt by the use of internal revenues
1775, Thomas Jefferson served as a delegate in the Second Continental Congress, until 1779.
During 1779, when Thomas Jefferson was Governor of Virginia he came up with the bill establishing for religious freedom. Yet, it wasn't established to until nine years.
The bill called for the separation of the church along with the state, for the freedom for people to think and worship as they liked.
He also tried to pass the Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge. Yet, it failed to pass.
In 1780 decided to relocate the state capital from Williamsburg to Richmond
Which aspects of Jefferson's life was most important?
The aspect that was the most important in Thomas Jefferson's life was his contribution to the American revolution, we would rate it as a 5/5 because it was time where he started his political career. He was the author of the document that set the Nation and American's free from the royal control of Great Britain. This document came to be know as The Declaration of Independence. Then came the second most important aspect of his life which was when the became the third president of the United States. Though his presidency may have cause some acute problems, at the same time he also did some good for the nation. He reduced the debt more than 25%, he made a big impact with the Louisiana purchase, and the whole Louis and Clark expedition, and we would rate it a 4/5. As a legislator, he was a good influence yet it was as important as his other aspects placing it at a 3/5. Lastly, though Jefferson was a wonderful architect creating masterpieces, it doesn't effect his whole life as much as the other aspects had. Jefferson's level of importance as an architect is a 2/5.
Both, presidents accomplished great things during their times as president. During, their presidency, both did their best for the country. Despite that, some plans did not go as well as they would have hoped. Though Franklin D. Roosevelt, came way after Thomas Jefferson his presidency was known and seen as a legacy. This was due to his amazing leadership skill and a strong will power. Both are seen as an impact the nation. Thomas Jefferson is seen as the man of the people and Franklin D. Roosevelt is seen as one of the most superlative president to have ever run this country, which was seen through the time he ran the nation through one of the toughest war ever fought, WWII. Based on all the presidential aspects, FDR was the better president of the two. Due to how FDR, was better in domestic affairs, foreign affairs, leadership, and economics(economy).
Both had ways of helping the nation with debt.
Thomas Jefferson and FDR both lead the nation through times of crisis and war.
Lead during WWII
Showed great leadership when creating a strong alliances with allies
To help the nation with employments and the banks that were shut down, FDR came up with a new program of reform ( Social security, heavier taxes on the the wealthy, new control over banks and public utilities.
He helped balance Internationalism, while economic problems at home.
Great leadership guided the U.S. out of the Great Depression
FDR's politics, expectantly the New Deal, helped redefine and strengthen both the American state, and more mainly the American presidency. Helping to expand the political, administrative, and constitutional powers of the office.
He reshaped the American presidency. He built a bond with himself and the public. The president's duties grew to encompass not only those of the chief executives.
The American federal government assumed new and powerful roles in the nation's economy.
Devoted much thought to planning of a United Nation
He was America's first born native-born architect.
He learned architect through books at the time.
He influenced the the planning of Washington D.C.
Jefferson's masterpieces were Poplar Forest, the Virginia State Capitol, the University of Virginia, and lastly his home at Monticello.
Wanted to establish both aesthetically and politically standard of architecture.
"The Power of Dedication and Strong Will."
We designed our rating will be out of 5.