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Copy of Ceramics I: Vocabulary

Ceramic vocabulary to go with the introduction information

Missy Rich

on 19 October 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Ceramics I: Vocabulary

So you sound smart while you chat about clay
COIL: a handbuilding technique used to construct forms by rolling out ropes of clay and joining them together by scoring & slipping.
THROWING: Anything created on the pottery wheel. Great for symmetrical vessels.
Kneading or mixing the clay to get out air pockets and make the clay an even consistency
Seashell...for when you are throwing on the wheel, creates a nice "cone" shape
Ram's Head...your all purpose wedge
Clay glue, apply liberally when sticking two pieces of clay together
Score & Slip
a technique used to connect two pieces of clay by scratching into the surfaces of each piece of clay and then applying water to each piece before pressing the pieces together.
clay that is dry, but has not been fired yet
usually looks light grey in color, like this;
A mixture of glass and chemical colorant which is fused to the surface of a clay body during firing. It serves to make the object waterproof, more durable, and to decorate.
Here are the jars of glaze in the back of the room...a lot to choose from!
A large oven or furnace like structure that reaches 1-2000 degrees in order to harden clay or fuse glaze to the surface of a ceramic object.
these are the coils that heat the kiln, kinda like a giant toaster
-when a piece of pottery has been fired once and changed from clay into its rock like state
-goes from the grey color of greenware to the white color bisque is...like this;
broken pieces of fired pottery
ground up fired pottery, because it is already fired it doesn't shrink...so when added to clay it reduces shrinkage...you'll notice it in the clay we use!
a ring or depression carved into the bottom of a piece of pottery
the foot keeps your pottery from rocking because it is resting on a single ring
15.Leather Hard clay...
clay that is firmed up enough to stand up, but still moist enough to slip and score pieces onto
18.Wooden Clay Knife...
wooden "knife" used to trim away clay from the base of pottery when it is wet on the wheel
it's a sponge, used to throw on the wheel, cleanup rough edges on pots, wipe away unwanted detail
kept by the sink!
metal, wooden and plastic; used to shape on the pottery wheel and smooth off the wheel
tool that spins the clay while you center it, open a hole and then pullup walls...usually creating symmetrical pottery
You can find all these tools in room, just look in the drawers below:
what we make our projects out of;
new boxed clay can be found in the cabinets...right here
clay that is dried out and needs to be recycled can be broken up and put into this recycling bin...
this black plastic disc is the bat, it goes on the wheel when you are throwing so you can take you pot off the wheel when you are done!
this is the splash pan, it is in two parts and tries to keep the water and muck off of you!
absorbs moisture from wet sloppy clay to make it workable again! there's a big slab of it in the back of the room....
27.Ware Boards...
boards to use when carrying big or flat projects
used to whack leather hard clay into a desired shape
29.Rolling pins...
when rolling out small pieces of clay; you don't always have to use the slab roller, ya know!
SLAB: A handbuilding technique from flat pieces of clay with even thicknesses. To make a slab you need a slab roller or dowels and a rolling pin.


1.Bisque firing

a.First firing

b. about 1900 degrees, the high heat creates a chemical change in the clay...making it similar to rock!



Notice the change in color at each stage!
-clay is made from a variety of earth derived materials
The fundamental ingredients:
-basically a lot of wind, water and weather erosion over the centuries have made a perfect mix of rotting leaves, stone, minerals, etc. to make CLAY!
Construction Methods
PINCH POT: a handbuilding technique used to construct a small, rounded vessel. Created by pinching the clay to form smooth even walls.
SCULPTING: Using additive and subtractive methods to build up clay and mold the clay into the desired form.
Warm Up 2/10/15
1. Do a quick sketch of the vessel. (try and show that it is 3D)
2. What elements of art stand out to you?
3. Do you like the design? Why or why not?

What is clay?
alumina + silica + water

Fine-grained natural rock or soil material. Clays are plastic due to their water content and become hard, brittle and non–plastic upon drying or firing. There are many different types of clay including earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain
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