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Gothic and Renaissance
Transcript of Gothic and Renaissance
and Renaissance The Cathedral of Notre-Dame Gothic Architecture The Last Supper by Jaume Serra Tempietto di San Pietro Renaissance Architecture The End Architecture was the most important and original form of art in the Gothic Period. Architects' solutions to supporting heavy ceilings over wide spans gives the architecture its structural characteristics. The Cathedral of Notre Dame shows all the popular techniques used in Gothic times, such as flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, and rose windows. Ribbed vaulting: arching and intersecting stone ribs composed of thin stone panels that support a vaulted ceiling surface
Nave: the main body of the church
Flying buttresses: leaned against the upper exterior of the building to counteract the vault’s outward thrust
Triforium: a shallow arched gallery above the nave
Clerestory: any high windows above eye level to let in light or fresh air Structures Gothic Art During the Gothic Period, oil paintings were very popular because of the way the oil merged the colors. Artists would use egg or glue from animal bones to bring pigments together. Italian Gothic art focused on the human body, importance of light in relation to color, and emotion. Artists wanted to create strong, solid paintings.
Renaissance Art The Mystical Nativity by Sandro Botticelli In Renaissance art, artists focused on realism and expression, classicism, emphasis on individualism, and light and shadowing. It was important that their paintings were in perspective and was in geometrical arrangement of figures. Sometimes the artists would paint themselves or other people in their paintings. Cherubini By Raphael Sanzio Renaissance architecture was greatly influenced by Roman and Greek structures. It emphasized symmetry, proportion, and geometry. Columns, arches, and domes make up parts of many renaissance buildings. Many beautiful cathedrals and libraries in Europe are of Renaissance structure thanks Bramante, the architect of Tempietto di San Piettro, and many other architects.