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Education During the Revolutionary Period
Transcript of Education During the Revolutionary Period
- Had a broader and more practical curriculum that focused on the English language rather than latin.
- Courses such as English Agriculture and Accounting such as: grammar, composition, literature, foreign language, writing, drawing, rhetoric, oratory geography history. CT Sarah Pierce's Female Academy - Located in Litchfield, Connecticut
- Began in the dining room of her home with 2 students
- Grew to 140 female students from almost every state and Canada
- Curriculum emphasized practical knowledge and skills rather than classics
- Focused on her duties of the home, family, and caring for her partner and the "education for time and eternity of the next generation of immortal beings" VA Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy - Believed that regardless of social/economic
status education was essential to democracy
- Radical idea at the time but it was not applied to blacks/slaves
- Believed that in order for society to remain free it must support the system of the public education
- Advocated for free public education
-Believed that libraries and books were integral to individual and institutional education Noah Webster's Speller - 2 most common books:
* Elementary Spelling Book
* The American Dictionary
- First introduced his speller in 1783 as a
"Grammatical Institute of the English Language"
Later versions were titled "The American Spelling book" and "The Elementary Spelling Book"
- The elementary spelling book was nicknamed "The Old Blue-Back" because the paper was printed in light blue or bright blue paper
- Over 24 million copies of the Webster's Speller
- Over 1 billion people have read the Webster's Speller
- Said that the books were the 1st curriculum guide for the elementary grades The Role of Education During the Revolutionary Period - General decline of European influences on schools
- Religious traditions still had influence on curriculum
- The (American) need to develop agriculture, shipping and commerce also influence curriculum
- Emerging "Exclusively American Identity" enhanced by development of town governments, increase in books and news print, and changed focus on to the "unsettled west"
- American Revolution of 1776: colonies break from Europe
- A system of education was viewed as necessary to preserve freedoms fought for in the Revolution - Writers and publishers saw textbooks as a way to promote democratic ideals and cultural independence from England
- U.S. textbooks had a lot of patriotic and moralistic sayings and were based out of the Old and New Testament.
- European belief of education, human potential, and learning still shape American education.
- Qualifications of teachers during this period ranged from people who could read to college graduates. Teaching required memorizing facts, choral responses, and corporal punishment.
- English academies multiplied across the country, mostly serving male students
- Females received little formal education in 17th and 18th centuries
- Female seminaries: first established in the 19th century to train women for higher education and public service outside the home Practices in American education during the Revolutionary period
with those in Europe Contributions to Education - Following independence, many leaders were concerned that new disturbances from within could threaten the well-being of the new nation
- To preserve the freedoms that had been fought for, a system of education became essential.
- Education was seen as the tool to establish and promote growth of concept such as freedom, liberty, and democracy to secure the U.S. for generations to come. The following people have contributed to education: