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A digital text of Heroes. Written by Emma Lazarus

Alex Brumfield

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Heroes


Emma Lazarus Heroes In rich Virginian woods,
The scarlet creeper reddens over graves,
Among the solemn trees enlooped with vines;
Heroic spirits haunt the solitudes,-
The noble souls of half a million braves,
Amid the murmurous pines., Here, though all seems at peace,
The placid, measureless sky serenely fair,
The laughter of the breeze among the leaves,
The bars of sunlight slanting through the trees,
The reckless wild-flowers blooming everywhere,
The grasses' delicate sheaves,- Nathless each breeze that blows,
Each tree that trembles to its leafy head
With nervous life, revives within our mind,
Tender as flowers of May, the thoughts of those
Who lie beneath the living beauty, dead,-
Beneath the sunshine, blind. For brave dead soldiers, these:
Blessings and tears of aching thankfulness,
Soft flowers for the graves in wreaths enwove,
The odorous lilac of dear memories,
The heroic blossoms of the wilderness,
And the rich rose of love. But who has sung their praise,
Not less illustrious, who are living yet?
Armies of heroes, satisfied to pass
Calmly, serenely from the whole world's gaze,
And cheerfully accept, without regret,
Their old life as it was, The hyperlink below travels to a Civil War site that elaborates on the battlefield hospitals.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2021188/Civil-war-surgery-The-grisly-photos-wounded-soldiers-treated.html With all its petty pain,
Its irritating littleness and care;
They who have scaled the mountain, with content
Sublime, descend to live upon the plain;
Steadfast as though they breathed the mountain-air
Still, wheresoe'er they went. They who were brave to act,
And rich enough their action to forget;
Who, having filled their day with chivalry,
Withdraw and keep their simpleness intact,
And all unconscious add more lustre yet
Unto their victory. On the broad Western plains
Their patriarchal life they live anew;
Hunters as mighty as the men of old,
Or harvesting the plenteous, yellow grains,
Gathering ripe vintage of dusk bunches blue,
Or working mines of gold; Or toiling in the town,
Armed against hindrance, weariness, defeat,
With dauntless purpose not to serve or yield,
And calm, defiant, they struggle on,
As sturdy and as valiant in the street,
As in the camp and field. And those condemned to live,
Maimed, helpless, lingering still through suffering years,
May they not envy now the restful sleep
Of the dear fellow-martyrs they survive?
Not o'er the dead, but over these, your tears,
O brothers, ye may weep! New England fields I see,
The lovely, cultured landscape, waving grain,
Wide haughty rivers, and pale, English skies.
And lo! a farmer ploughing busily,
Who lifts a swart face, looks upon the plain,-
I see, in his frank eyes, The hero's soul appear.
Thus in the common fields and streets they stand;
The light that on the past and distant gleams,
They cast upon the present and the near,
With antique virtues from some mystic land,
Of knightly deeds and dreams. Description: A leafy vine with scarlet, trumpet-shaped flowers.
Habit: native annual or biennial, vine or herb; usually twining, sometimes creeping.
Fruit: small capsule, tear-drop shaped.Flower May to October, or after rains.
The red color symbolizes the blood that is shed after a battle and over the course of the war. The tear shaped flower represents the tears that are shed due to the fighting and deaths of the civil war. The scarlet creeper also blooms after rain, or after crying. The flower appears around sadness. So its a good representation of the mourning families of the dead soldiers. The Civil War took the most American Lives of any war. North vs. South. Brother vs. Brother. It would take years to restore the population of the nation, decades to heal the divides in the country. After the war was finished the nation wept over its losses. "Monday Morning, April 10
'Whether I am in the body, or out of the body, I know not, but one thing I know,' Lee has surrendered! and all the people seem crazy in consequence. The bells are ringing, boys and girls, men and women are running through the streets wild with excitement; the flags are all flying, one from the top of our church, and such a 'hurrah boys' generally, I never dreamed of.
We were quietly eating our breakfast this morning about 7 o'clock, when our church bell commenced to ring, then the Methodist bell, and now all the bells in town are ringing. Mr. Noah T. Clarke [Principal of the local boys' school] ran by, all excitement, and I don't believe he knows where he is. No school to-day. I saw Capt. Aldrich passing, so I rushed to the window and he waved his hat. I raised the window and asked him what was the matter? He came to the front door where I met him and he almost shook my hand off and said, 'The war is over. We have Lee's surrender, with his own name signed.' I am going down town now, to see for myself, what is going on.

Later - I have returned and I never saw such performances in my life. Every man has a bell or a horn, and every girl a flag and a little bell, and every one is tied with red, white and blue ribbons. I am going down town again now, with my flag in one hand and bell in the other and make all the noise I can. Mr. Noah T. Clarke and other leading citizens are riding around on a dray cart with great bells in their hands ringing them as hard as they can. Dr. Cook beat upon an old gong.

The latest musical instrument invented is called the 'Jerusalem fiddle.' Some boys put a dry goods box upon a cart, put some rosin on the edge of the box and pulled a piece of timber back and forth across it, making most unearthly sounds. They drove through all the streets, Ed Lampman riding on the horse and driving it" Ah! who is left behind,
Earnest and eloquent, sincere and strong,
To consecrate their memories with words
Not all unmeet? with fitting dirge and song
To chant a requiem purer than the wind,
And sweeter than the birds? A Soldier's Prayer
(written by an anonymous confederate soldier, US civil war)

I asked God for strength, that I might achieve,
I was made weak, that I might learn humbly to obey....
I asked for health, that I might do greater things,
I was given infirmity, that I might do better things....
I asked for riches, that I might be happy,
I was given poverty, that I might be wise....
I asked for power, that I might have the praise of men,
I was given weakness, that I might feel the need of God....
I asked for all things, that I might enjoy life,
I was given life, that I might enjoy all things....
I got nothing that I asked for -
but everything that I had hoped for,
Almost despite myself, my unspoken prayers were answered.
I am among all men most richly blessed. During the US Civil War, rich men could pay others to take their place. Lazarus is calling these men out for there cowardice. Wealthy men could pay $300 to avoid being drafted. This upset many poor people, and the Civil War was also now know as the "Poor Man's War". It earned this title because so many poor men, and poor slaves were fighting for money, and were forced to fight. However, the rich men still keep their "lustre" and prestige. They never dirtied their hands with killing or war. If the poor men win the war for them they still keep their riches. . Presentaion

Alex Brumfield Lazarus is saying that the war is over. Everything seems to be quiet and peaceful. But there’s still a quiet fear. This fear resides in the minds and thoughts of the people who've had loved ones that died bravely are still preoccupying them. There are tears of thankfulness as well as blessings for the brave dead soldiers. The families will leave soft flowers on their grave. Wreaths and lilacs are placed to honor their memories and their beloveds places roses of love. Emma Lazarus praises the Hardworking Americans. The Heroes she presents are ordinary people who continue on with life. Not the veterans of war. But the men and women who came back, and continued there life. Waving grain references the fields that farmers tend to. They provide food and a backbone to the nation. Without them no one could ever live a civilized life. Working from dawn till dust. It's hard to find a better example of a hard working American. Or an American Hero. Heroes

Emma Lazarus Here Emma Lazarus describes the peacefulness of America. There's laughter in the breeze, placid skies and sunlight in the trees. The passage to the right describes the joyful reactions to the end of the war. Children running through the street looking for any instrument they could find. Chanting and celebrating with everyone. Lazarus depicts a world before and after the war, a land of peace and beauty. Nature perseveres unaffected by anything. The description of the wind and elements exactly matches that of the people celebrating the end of the war. This stanza shows how life is supposed to be. Free, and working together. The civil war pitted brothers against each other. But now that its over, people can return to normal. Bibliography

Brown, Caroline. "The War Ends - A Small Town's Reaction, 1865." The War Ends - A
Small Town's Reaction, 1865. Eyewitness to History, n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
Burns, Ric. "Video: Death and the Civil War Extended Promo | Watch American
Experience Online | PBS Video." PBS.org. PBS, n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
"Civil War Trust." Civil War Facts. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
"Hooks, Handsaws and Forceps: The Grisly Photos That Show How Soldiers Gritted
Their Teeth for Surgery in the American Civil War." Dailymail. Mail Online, 1 Aug. 2011. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
Skworus. Retreat - American Civil War. 2012. FSE Studios, Retreat - American Civil
War by ~Skworus on DeviantART. Deviantart. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
Smail, Larry A. "Larry A. Smail's Blog." Larry A Smails Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar.
"A Soldier's Prayer." Prayers for All Christians. US Library of Congress, n.d. Web.
25 Mar. 2013.
Spellenberg, Richard. "Scarlet Creeper Ipomoea Cristulata." ENature: FieldGuides:
Species Detail. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. What is a hero? Most would say someone who saves people, maybe someone with an extraordinary power who uses his ability for good. When you get down to it, a hero makes sacrifices and goes out of his way to benefit the common good. Well, Emma Lazarus describes a different figure in the poem, "Heroes." The heroes described in this poem are just your everyday folks. Her hero isn't afraid of hard work of getting the job done. Lazarus values these principles and the poem serves as justification for her idea of a hero and a reason why the nation needed theses workers. Lazarus consistently writes about nature throughout the poem. Any example of nature is a symbol for freedom. Whether it's the laughter of the wind that symbolizes freedom from the war, or the lilac that lies on a gravestone to represent freedom from pain and suffering or simply the golden grain of a Farmer's field, meant to celebrate good old-fashioned American freedom, freedom is everywhere. The large number of blossoms and blooming flowers is a sign of Spring which is an archetype for new beginnings, new growth and rebirth. These ideas were key for the Union and the Confederacy healing process. Between the North and the South, over 600,000 men were killed. Emma Lazarus' heroes had an excellent chance to help bridge the divide from war to peace. Those who could push on gave Lazarus hope that America could again be restored to its former glory. Lazarus published "Heroes" after the American Civil War's end. Emma Lazarus captured the pain and suffering of the war. She writes about the tragedy of the brave fallen soldiers and how their deaths affected their families. She also pitied those "condemned to live, \Maimed, helpless, lingering still through suffering years." Lazarus writes these lines so that her reader can understand that, even though the war has ended, many still suffer from the war. This suffering impeded America's ability to get back to the status quo. The Heroes that she presents in her poem are hardworking Americans. These people are the men and women who fight through their pain and return to their life. In Lazarus' eyes these are the citizens who deserve praise, for they could rebuild America and help move out of a war era and spring into a peace era. This presentation involves numerous pictures that reflect the Civil War and post Civil War era. Pictures that directly correlate with the text are displayed in every stanza. Excerpts from the era are also included in the presentation to give the stanzas more background knowledge. "Liar" by Mumford and Sons plays as the background music also adds a melancholy mood that fits the text and the history of the poem. Rectangular boxes are also dispersed throughout the presentation to add personal insight. Also the background of this presentation is a Civil War portrait. Each frame zooms in on different parts of the portrait and these sub backgrounds also relate to the text in the stanzas. Enjoy. In this stanza Emma Lazarus describes the survivors and veterans of the Civil War. The civil war took a substantial number of lives, especially from the South. Lazarus asks, "Ah! who is left behind." Who are the people who survived the war? Will they be more equipped to handle the conflict or disputes between each other? Has this war taught the nation anything? The veteran's prayer shows what he has learned from this war. It also, "consecrates their memories with words." The prayer is a good representation of the general sentiments of the soldiers who survived the war. They are happy to be alive, but they still have the memories of the tragedy that befell them.
In this stanza Lazarus describes some of the core values of America. The quote, "On broad Western plains," paints a picture of Americans exploring the untamed land of the Louisiana Purchase. Although the trek of Louis and Clark took place decades before the Civil War heading west became a very American idea. Lazarus then describes the many roles of people who've headed west. These jobs return man to his origins of a simpler time. Lazarus depicts hunters, harvesters, gatherers and gold miners. Effectively Lazarus is once again depicting the true heroes of the war who carry on with life and not get hung up on the tragedy of the war.
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