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Five Major Theories of Grief
Transcript of Five Major Theories of Grief
Bereavement, Grief, and Mourning
: Refers to the situation of a person who has recently experienced the loss of someone significant in their lives through that person’s death (Coping with bereavement, 2007)
“The pattern of inextricably associated physical and mental responses to major loss — usually to the loss, by death, of a loved person, but also to other losses. (Grief, 2000)
:The term mourning is often used to describe the varied and diverse social expressions of grief.
Grief Work Perspective
The grief work perspective is the idea that the bereaved must let go of the deceased emotionally in order for that person to function and carry on with life.
The bereaved must detach from the person or object that has been lost; it's a struggle because a person will never willingly emotionally give up that object.
“First, it describes grief as an adaptive response to loss. Second, it states that the reality of the loss must be confronted and accepted. Third, it acknowledges that grieving is an active process that occurs over time. (Despelder & Strickland, 2010).
Continuing to have a bond with the dead creates a healthy connection for the bereaved
In various ways, the deceased is incorporated into the bereaved person's ongoing life.
It is seen throughout the world; like going to the cemetery to visit a loved one.
The Narrative Approach
Allows to reform our story so that we intergrate the deceased into our lives in a new way and adjust our relationships in ways that retores wholeness. (Despelder & Strickland, 2010)
Provides emotional relief, promotes the search for meaning, and brings people together in support of one another. (Despelder & Strickland, 2010)
The Dual Process Model
The dual-process model is when an individual alternates between experiencing and avoiding suffrage at the same time, (Wright, 2008)
Two aspects of coping: loss-orientation and restoration-orientation
Loss-orientation refers to the person’s acceptance of the suffering and involves mental processing of the loss as well as demonstrations of grief, such as crying.(Wright, 2008).
Restoration-orientation includes mastering tasks that had been taken care of by the deceased. (Despelder & Strickland, 2010)
The Two-Track Model of Bereavement
Developed by Simmon Shimshon Rubin who basically describes this form of coping using two interactive tracks
Track I: Functioning in the wake of the loss. Terms like recovery, growth, continuing difficulties, inadequate adaptation may apply. (Despelder & Strickland, 2010)
Track II: the continuing relationship with the deceased; involves both acceptance of the death and transformed connection with the deceased (Despelder & Strickland, 2010)
Just to lighten up the mood a little......
Coping with bereavement. (2007). In Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine. Retrieved from http://libproxy.emc.maricopa.edu/login?url=http://www.credoreference.com.libproxy.estrellamountain.edu/entry/cupphm/coping_with_bereavement
Grief. (2000). In The Royal Society of Medicine Health Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://libproxy.emc.maricopa.edu/login?url=http://www.credoreference.com.libproxy.estrellamountain.edu/entry/rsmhealth/grief
Despelder, L. A., & Strickland, A. L. (2010). The last dance: Encountering death and dying. (9 ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.
Wright, P. M. (2008). Grief theories and models. Journal of Hospice and Pallative Nursing, 10(6), Retrieved from http://home.engineering.iastate.edu/~shermanp/AERE331/lectures/Dynamics of Grief.pdf