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Gloria Chiang

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Harvard

Then and Now
Think Fast!
Gloria, Bernard, Carolina
English 11
Founded in 1636, Harvard University, the oldest and one of the most esteemed institutes of higher learning in the United States and even worldwide.
“Classes began in the summer of 1638 with one master in a single frame house and a “college yard.” Harvard was named for a Puritan minister, John Harvard, who left the college his books and half of his estate.”
Puritan influence
Christian School
To train ministers on theology, etc.
“At its inception Harvard was under church sponsorship, although it was not formally affiliated with any religious body. During its first two centuries the college was gradually liberated, first from clerical and later from political control, until in 1865 the university alumni began electing members of the governing board.”
Strong influence that religion and the church had on the school
Gradually secularized
Other than what Bernard provided for Then and Now, think of other aspects of Harvard, from your general knowledge, that you know have changed Now or had yet to exist Back Then.
Why do YOU think Harvard is such an important topic when we’re studying about Puritans?
Lotha, Gloria, John Higgins, and Amy Tikkanen. "Harvard University (university, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 02 June 2006. Web. 14 Sept. 2013
"A Brief Profile of the Class of 2017." Harvard College Admissions § Applying: Statistics. Harvard College, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2013.
"English and Native Students in the 17th Century." Peabody Museum. Harvard University, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2013.
"Graduates of Harvard University 1642 - 1669." Graduates of Harvard University 1642 - 1669. Colonial Ancestors, 2000. Web. 20 Sept. 2013.

African American 11%
Asian American 20%
Hispanic or Latino 12%
Native American or Pacific Islander 3%

New England 17.3%
Middle Atlantic 22.7%
South 16.8%
Midwest 8.7%
Mountain 3.2%
International 11.1%

These statistics display the diversity in Harvard as time progressed and the different ethnicities and places the students came from.

“English settler and Native students arrived at Harvard from a variety of backgrounds…. Some Native students hoped to create relationships between their tribe and local settlers, while others wished to learn English to help protect tribal land rights….”

The reasons why Native Americans attended school back then were not for the sake of education, but more to forge relationships with the locals so both could coexist in harmony. However, Native Americans were not immune to the viruses the settlers brought. Entire Native villages were wiped out from them; three out of five Native Americans who attended Harvard were among the casualties.
Life for Early Americans:
largely centered around religion
population stayed condensed to the Eastern seaboard
Famous People
Shubael Dunner
Cotton Mather
Increase Mather
These 3 were the most notable people who attended Harvard in the 1960's and they all studied religion
Some of the most notable people who attended Harvard in the 1700's include:
William Ellery
Robert Treat Pain
William Williams
Samuel Adams
John Hancock
John Winthrop
William Cushing
Jonathan Trumbull

Signed the Declaration of Independence
Senators, Supreme Court Justices, Organizers of the Tea Party, etc.
Full transcript