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Human Body Project

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cate arnold

on 3 January 2014

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Transcript of Human Body Project

Human Body Systems
A 2013 presentation for
Mr. Courie's science class
Skeletal
System

Muscular
System

Digestive System
Circulatory System
Respiratory System
Excretory System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
The Muscular System's functions are to control the movement of the body, protect the body, help maintain posture, circulate blood, and to move substances through out the body.
The 4 most important organs in the muscular system are the.............
Frontalis
external abdominal oblique muscle
rectus femoris muscle
Biceps
5 Facts about the Muscular System
It takes 17 muscles to smile and 42 muscles to frown
The muscle that works the hardest is in the eye.
Muscles make up more than half of your body weight.
Fact #3
Fact #2
Fact #1
The Stapedius, which is found in your ear, is the smallest muscle in your body.
Fact #4
Fact #5
There are approximately 696 muscles in the human body.
The muscular system works with the digestive system by controlling the exits and entrances of the digestive tract
The Digestive System's functions are too turn food into energy, and it packages residue for waste disposal.
The Skeletal System's functions are to support the human body, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium storage, and endocrine regulation.
The 4 most important parts of the Skeletal System are the.....
Skull
Ribs
Spine
5 Facts and fingers on the Skeletal System
Fact #1
The thigh bone is the longest bone in the body.
Fact #2
The stapes is the smallest bone in your body.
Fact #3
There are 26 bones in the human foot.
Fact #4
Arms are the most commonly broken bone.
Fact #5
The only bone in the human body not connected to another bone is the Hyoid.
The Skeletal System works with the muscular system to make the body move.
Pelvis
The 4 most important parts of the Digestive System
are the.....
Liver
Stomach
Large Intestines
Esophagus
5 facts about the digestive system........
Fact #1
The esophagus is approximately 25cm.
Fact #2
The Stomach in a adult can hold about 15 liters of material.
Fact #3
We make 1-3 pints of saliva a day.
Fact #4
Food stays in your stomach for 2-3 hours.
Fact #5
The liver is the largest organ inside of the human body.
*The muscular system works with the digestive system because the muscular system chews the food and swallows it, so it can go down the esophagus into the stomach. *
The circulatory system is a network of vessels and organs that are responsible for the flow of oxygen, blood, nutrients, and other hormones and gases to and from cells
The 4 most important parts of the circulatory system are............
The Heart
Capillaries
Arteries
Veins
Five Facts about the circulatory
system
One disease in the skeletal system is Osteoporosis, which results in loss of bone tissue.
One disease in the muscular system is Nemaline Myopathy, which causes problems with the tone and contraction of skeletal muscles.
One disease in the Digestive system is Appendicitus, which causes inflammation of the appendix.
If you put your circulatory system on a straight line, it is actually long enough to orbit the earth two and a half times!
Fact #1
Fact #2
The heart beats around 3,000,000,000 (3 billion times) in the average person's life.
Fact #3
About 8 million blood cells die in the human body every second, and the same number are born each second.
Fact #4
Red blood cells make approximately 250,000 round trips of the body before returning to the bone marrow, where they were born, to die.
Fact #5
It takes about 20 seconds for a red blood cell to circle the whole body.
One of the most common diseases of the circulatory system is arteriosclerosis, in which the fatty deposits in the arteries causes the walls to stiffen and thicken the walls.
The digestive system and the circulatory system work closely together in order to deliver nutrients to the cells of the body.
The respiratory system's function is to take in oxygen and breath out carbon dioxide as we breathe. Red blood cells collect the oxygen from the lungs and carry it to the parts of the body where it is needed.
Four main parts of the Respiratory System are the......
Lungs
Trachea
Pharynx
mouth
5 facts about the respiratory system...
The right lung is slightly larger than the left lung.
Fact #1
Fact #2
The surface area of the lungs is roughly the same size as a tennis court.
Fact #3
We lose half a liter of water a day through breathing. This is the water vapor we see when we breathe onto glass.
Fact #4
A person at rest usually breathes between 12 and 15 times a minute.
Fact #5
The breathing rate is faster in children and women than in men
A disease found in the Respiratory System is Tuberculosis which is A bacterial infection that attacks the lungs and other parts of the body and can be deadly if not treated correctly
The respiratory system works with the circulatory system because the lungs breath in oxygen and the oxygen is picked up by the blood and then carried around the body.
The excretory system eliminates waste and toxins that are in your body and it ensures balance of body fluids.
Four main parts of the excretory system are the................
Urethra
Bladder
Ureter
Kidneys
5 facts about the Excretory system.........
Fact #1
One kidney (approximately) measures to about 4 inches
Fact #2
The bladder is as big as your brain.
An estimated 7,850,000,000,000 gallons of fluid passes through the average human body in a lifetime.
Fact #3
Fact #4
The kidneys have as much as 6,487,000,000 nephrons (things that filter the blood) inside of them.
Fact #5
The Vein that leads to you kidney's is the biggest in the body.
A disease found in the excretory system is Nephritis, which is when inflammation occurs in one or both the kidneys.
The Excretory system works with the digestive system because the digestive system produces waste and toxins and the Excretory system gets rid of them.
The nervous systems functions are to send, receive, and process nerve impulses throughout the body.
That is how the brain tells the body what to do.
Four main parts of the
nervous system are the.......
Brain
Cerebellum
The Spinal Cord
nerves
5 facts about the nervous system...
Fact #1
There are more nerve cells in the human brain than there are stars in the Milky Way.
Fact #2
The left side of human brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body
Fact #3
A New born baby
loses about half of their nerve cells before they are born.
Fact #4
The Nervous System can transmit impulses as fast as
100 meters
per second.
Fact
#5
An average adult male brain weighs about 1375 grams.
A disease found in the nervous system is Alzheimers disease, which is when the cells can't send the right signals to other parts of the brain. Over time, brain cells affected by Alzheimer disease begin to shrink and die.
The Nervous System works with the muscular system because the brain controls the contraction of skeletal muscles.
The endocrine system powers almost every cell, organ, and function of the human body. The endocrine system's functions are too regulate mood, growth and development, tissue function, metabolism, and reproductive processes.
The 4 most important parts of the endocrine system are the.........
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid
adrenals
Pancreas
5
Facts about the Endocrine System.......
Fact #1
The human behavior is also controlled by the endocrine system when it affects the nervous system.

Fact #2
The adrenal glands produce a epinephrine hormone, which is adrenaline.

Fact #3
The endocrine system is responsible for producing 30 distinct hormones.
Fact #4
Hormones are released directly into the bloodstream.
Fact #5
The endocrine system is sometimes at fault for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a common disease in aging people, and makes bones less dense and more prone to fractures.

The most common endocrine disease is diabetes, a condition in which the body does not properly process glucose. Because of a lack of insulin or, if the body is producing insulin, then it isn't working right.
One system that the Endocrine system works with is the circulatory system. The endocrine system has no ducts, so the hormones go into the blood, and the blood carries the hormones throughout the body.
The End
By: Abby Winner and Cate Arnold
Full transcript