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Stress

Stress
by

Tom Caruso

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Stress

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
STRESS
Mental and Emotional Health
Stress
Stress is the non-specific response of the body to any demand placed upon it.
What does non specific mean?
Our body responds to all types of events (good, bad, happy and sad) in a similar fashion.
Does it feel different when you go on a first date, than it does when you take an important exam?
What are some more examples?
What is stress?
Homeostasis – A state of physiological balance our body continually strives to maintain.
General Adaptation Syndrome – The three stages the body goes through when faced with a stressor.
What happens when our body triggers a non-specific response?
Homeostasis – A state of physiological balance our body continually strives to maintain.
General Adaptation Syndrome – The three stages the body goes through when faced with a stressor.
What happens when our body triggers a non-specific response?
During this stage adrenaline is released, causing physical changes in the body.
Fight or Flight Responses
Watch Movie Clip (5:16)
HR increases
More blood sent to muscles for quick movements
Liver releases sugar for quick energy
Pupils dilate
Hearing becomes better
When have you experienced these responses?
Stage 1 - Alarm Reaction
Resistance stage – Energy reserves try and return body to normal state
Eustress – when the effects of stress help improve health and performance
From our list of stressors, identify how each could be a eustress
Stage 2 – Resistance
Exhaustion – If the body can not cope with the stress or you can’t get rid of it, then the body becomes susceptible to illness or disease.
Distress – when the effects of stress are harmful and health and performance begin to deteriorate.
Stage 3 - Exhaustion
Find a partner
Each of you must go through your list of stressors and identify how each could be eustress and distress. Be specific!
Share with the class.
Activity
Type A
Driven
Competitive
Time oriented
“over achiever”
Type B
Absence of type “A”
Some studies have shown Type A more prone to cardiovascular disease.
Personality Types
These Symptoms can be broken into three different types
Physical -- Psycho-somatic (mind-body)
Headaches
Muscle aches
Grinding teeth
Nervous tick
Increased sweating
increase or lose of appetite
Insomnia
Nightmares
Fatigue
Dry mouth
Stuttering
High blood pressure
Tightness or pain in chest
Hives
3 Types of Symptoms that indicate stress is becoming a problem
Psychological/Mental
Irritable
Depressed
Angry
Behavioral
Over or under eating
Compulsive exercising
Laziness
3 Types of Symptoms
Relaxation
Thousands of techniques
Yoga
Hypnosis
Tai Chi
Meditation
Stress Management Techniques
The Relaxation response is the opposite of the fight or flight response
2 benefits to relaxation
You will immediately feel better
There is also a “carry over effect”
After ten days, you will feel better throughout the course of the entire day, because your body has becomes less susceptible to adrenaline.
Relaxation
What is your diet like??
Do you sit down & stop everything else to eat a meal or are you eating while doing something else?
Nutrition
Do you know what your mind is saying to you?
Nobody is as mean to others, as they are to themselves.
Restructure your brain to tell you the truth as opposed to something negative.
Positive Thinking
We all need people we can confide in.
In fact, one study concluded that people with little to no social support are as likely to die prematurely as smokers.
Why do you think this is true???
Social Support
What are your needs and how can you meet them?
In other words, at times we need to be more selfish!!!
What “things” do we most often sacrifice for the sake of others?
Self nurturing
Do you get your emotions out or do you bottle them up?
Writing about your emotions for 20 minutes a day, can greatly improve your health.
Expressing Emotions
Have a plan
Keep a calendar
Slow & steady wins the race???
Get Organized
What are some specific day to day changes you can make to help better manage your stress???
Write an essay on one change you will try to make to help manage your stress. What are driving & restraining forces involved in making this happen? (¾-1 page in)
Application
How do we form our personal standards?
Student Answers
Influence of family
Influence of the community
Influence of peers/friends
Role models/media
Past Experiences
Forming Personal Standards
Mental and Emotional Health
Standards
Examples
What do you want to accomplish and what do you want people to say about you?
Write your obituary
Include the following
The standards that you value the most
Your hobbies and interests
Your Educational and occupational accomplishments
Surviving family members
Reverse Engineering
Do standards vary among you and your peers?
Agree, disagree or no opinion.
Varying Standards
I admire handout
Discuss
Role Models
What is our most important standard at PDS?
What is your most important personal standard?
Discuss with a partner and be prepared to report back to the class.
Review
A community standard is a point of reference imposed on a group of people.
A personal standard is a point of reference created by you and for your use only.
What are some examples of each?
How are the two different
Personal vs. Community
Student Answers
A reference point used to judge people or events.
What are standards?
How do our standards affect our health?
Student Answers
Ultimately they drive all of our behaviors/actions/choices
Standards and Our Health
Full transcript