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Parts of Speech

A sample lesson plan introducing the parts of speech
by

Miles Levy-Nordhoff

on 4 August 2014

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Transcript of Parts of Speech

Determiner:
a modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun has
Parts of Speech
A Brief Intro
Giant

spiders

in

pink
and
purple

socks

danced

at

the

prom
.
A person's ability to make grammaticality judgments does not depend on having heard the words or sentence before. You may never have heard or read the sentence,
Verb:
a word used to describe an action, occurrence, or state of existence
Noun:
a word that can serve as the subject (agent) or object of a verb or the object of a preposition; includes pronouns
Adjective:
an "attribute" describing or modifying a noun
but your syntactic knowledge tells you that it is grammatically correct.
Sentences do not need to make logical sense to be syntactically well-formed. Take these sentences for example:
Colorless

green

ideas

sleep

furiously
.
A

verb

crumpled

the

milk
.
Adverb:
modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb; or a phrase, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, etc.
In English, adjectives always precede nouns or follow a linking verb.
Examples: red, big, candid
(camera)
,
(that policeman was)
crazy,
(her painting is)
beautiful
Adverbs often (not always) end in -ly.
Examples: carefully, luckily, quickly, very, again, never
1
2
3
4
5
Nouns (excluding pronouns) are often recognized by a preceding determiner. If plural, an -s is usually found at the end of the word.
Examples: puppy, boy, soup, happiness, forks, pillows, cakes, he, she, it, they
Preposition:
a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause
A preposition is usually anything you can do in relation to a bush, regarding time and space.
Examples: in
(the bush)
, on
(the bush)
, under
(the bush)
, below, by, at, beside, with, across, from, before
Verbs are preceded by their subject and in most languages are conjugated according to tense and who that subject is.
Examples:
(I)
run,
(you)
find,
(he)
sleep
(s)
,
(she)
throw
(s)
,
(they)
realize
(d)
, see, try, want, believe
Examples: a, an, the
This group also includes demonstratives such as
this
and
that,
quantifiers such as
each
and
every
, and possessives such as
his
and
their
Determiners always precede a noun (or the adjective modifying that noun).
Examples: the
(dog)
, an

(apple)
, a
(yellow kite)
,
this

(ugly hat)
, every

(time)
, five

(years)
NOUNS
ADJECTIVES and
ADVERBS
PREPOSITIONS
VERBS
DETERMINERS
Grammar Lesson Plan
Created by: Miles Levy-Nordhoff

T
was

brillig
,
and

the

slithy

toves

Did

gyre

and

gimble

in

the

wabe
:
All

mimsy

were

the

borogoves
,

And

the

mome

raths

o
u
t
g
r
a
b
e
.


Beware

the

Jabberwock
,
my

son
!

The

jaws

that

bite
,
the

claws

that

catch
!
Beware

the

Jubjub

bird
,
and

shun

The

frumious

Bandersnatch
!”
One, two! One, two!
And

through

and

through

The

vorpal

blade

went
snicker-snack!
He

left

it

dead
,
and

with

its

head

He

went

galumphing

back
.


And

hast

thou

slain

the

Jabberwock
?

Come

to

my

arms
,
my

beamish

boy
!
O
frabjous

day
! Callooh! Callay!”

He

chortled

in

his

joy
.


T
was

brillig
,
and

the

slithy

toves

Did

gyre

and

gimble

in

the

wabe
:
All

mimsy

were

the

borogoves
,

And

the

mome

raths

o
u
t
g
r
a
b
e
.
He

took

his

vorpal

sword

in

hand
;

Long

time

the

manxome

foe

he

sought

So

rested

he

by

the

Tumtum

tree

And

stood

awhile

in

thought
.

And
,
as

in

uffish

thought

he

stood
,

The

Jabberwock
,
with

eyes

of

flame
,
Came

whiffling

through

the

tulgey

wood
,

And

burbled

as

it

came
!
Jabberwocky
by Lewis Carroll
Note: for simplicity reasons, in this example, auxiliaries and modals are categorized as verbs.
Interjections are in white.
CONJUNCTIONS
Conjunction: connects words, phrases,
clauses, or sentences.
Examples: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so, therefore, because, since, before
FANBOYS
6
Inventing at least one
noun
,
verb
, and
adjective
, try creating an imaginative sentence of your own!
Full transcript