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Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China

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Tommy Thai

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China

Ancient River Valley Civilizations
The Tigris and Euphrates brought water to the people. Control of these two rivers was important to their development.
The Fertile Crescent allowed plenty of crops to grow.
Its lack of natural resources, resulted in their houses to be built from the earth.
Geographical Determinant : Mesopotamia
Governments of Ancient Civilizations
Economies of Ancient Civilization:
Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River, and China
By: Johny Duong & Tommy Thai
Geographical Determinant: Egypt
The Nile River brought water to the people and crops.
The desert protected Egypt from invasions from its neighbor.
The Nile was used to link the north and
south and served as a trade route.
Geographical Determinant: Indus River
Its great size creates a lot of diversity among the civilization.
The Deccan provides water for irrigation, but it is not populated mostly.
The Indus is sacred to the people, because it is said to be the "mother of the people."
Geographical Determinant: China
The Himalayas and Tien Shan isolated the people from the outside world.
Due to it's growing size, China's region has a variety of climates and land. Fertile land supports the majority of the population.
The Haung He valley allow the people of China to farm and irrigate. Control of the river was important, because of risk of flooding.
Government of Ancient Civilizations
China:
Led by many dynasty. Focused on military might.
The Mandate of Heaven was used to justify rebellion.
Grew into a feudal state during the Zhou Dynasty. Which took control, in 771 B.C.
Invaders attacked China, but were absorbed into it's culture
Indus River:
Had a well-organized government led by priest-king.
The rulers governed on trade and religion rather then military
Not much it known about the civilization that inhabited the region.
Annotated Bibliography:

"Indus Valley." AllAboutHistory.org. AllAboutHistory. Web. 15 Jan. 2015. <http://www.allabouthistory.org/indus-valley.htm>.
"The Ancient Egyptian Economy." Ancient Egyptian Economy. Web. 15 Jan. 2015. <http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/economy/>.
Mesopotamia:
The rulers are responsible for maintaining the city in each city-state.
Had a social hierarchy.
The ruler enforced the law, but had scribes collect tax and keep records.
The ruler was seen as a servant of god.
Egypt:

Pharaohs ruled and were thought to be a god. They wanted to preserve justice and order during the Old Kingdom.
The pharaohs had all the power, but had vizier to supervise.
Economies of Ancient Civilization:

Egypt
Many of the people were farmers. Agriculture created most of the civilization's wealth.
The men would labor while the women raised children and prepared food. They would also serve the pharaoh.
Mesopotamia:
Due to lack of natural resources, trading brought money for the civilization.
Indus River:
Most of the people farmed and were the first to cultivate cotton into cloth.
Merchants and Traders carried items for trade.
China:
Iron working became known in China about 500 B.C.
Farmers grew new crops and some feudal lords organized large scale irrigation.
China began to use the ey system instead of trading.
Religions of the Ancient Civilization
Egypt
The egyptians were polytheistic.
The two main gods were Amon-Ra and Osiris
After a person dies they perform mummification.
Extracted the internal organs and left tools, and jewelry for the deceased person to survive in the after-life.
Indus River
They were also polytheistic.
Believed in a mother goddess of creation.
They worshiped certain animals like the bull.
Believed in spirits and demons.
Mesopotamia
Polytheistic.
Built ziggurats to worship gods
Demons created for good and evil deeds.
Created world's first mythology.

China

Worshiped ancestors.
Worshiped various gods, each dealing with the elements of the natural world, such as the weather, sky, water and soil.
Made temples to give the gods offers.
Main gods were Shang Di, and the Mother goddess.
Used hieroglyphs.
Soon added ideograms.
They developed demotic.
Used papyrus, a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the stem of the water plant to create sheets.
Writing systems of ancient civilizations
Egypt
Indus river
Wrote on seals
Contained short brief texts.
They contained had 5 to 26 symbols.
Lack of bilingual texts.
Mesopotamia
Recorded daily events on clay tablets.
Used cuneiform
Wedges on clay tablets.
China
Used pictogram and ideographs.
Had over ten thousand characters.
Represented a word by writing it in different strokes.
Art, Technology, and Architecture
Egypt
Built pyramids, tombs, temples, and palaces out of stone.
The buildings were decorated with paintings, carved stone, hieroglyphs, and statues.
Created paintings, and many sculptures.
Created papyrus sheets, and medicines.
Built ships.
Created the toothbrush and tooth paste.
Indus River
Had massive hill-top structures, likely to be a fortress or temple.
Warehouses to store grain.
Cities were laid in grid-like pattern.
Houses were built with uniform oven-fired clay bricks.
Developed plumbing systems, baths, drains, and water chutes.
Made statuettes made from limestone.
Also made animal statues.
Mesopotamia
Made bricks out of clay, shaped in wooden molds
Arts were a way to glorify rulers.
Arts made from stone, shells, and marble.
Items include cylindrical seals, statues, sculptures and decorated tombs.
Invented the wheel.
China
Used timber work combining stone carving, and rammed earth construction to create bucket arch buildings.
Built the Great Wall, and the Forbidden City.
Paintings and carvings were added to architectural works.
Calligraphy, poetry, painting, and silk were used in chinese arts.
Developed the calender by study space.
Silk making
Annotated Bibliography :
"NILE RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION." Nile River Valley Civilization. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.


"INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION." Indus River Valley Civilization. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.

"Mesopotamia Tigris-Euphrates River Valley Civilization2." EHSWorldStudiesJackoboice -. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.

"The River Valley Civilizations." The River Valley Civilizations. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
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