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Nouns and Quantifiers
Transcript of Nouns and Quantifiers
Unit18 Articles: Indefinite and Definite
Are the names of particular people,places, or things.
They are usually unique.
(There is only one)
Refers to people,places, and things,but not by their names.
A. Count nouns are people ,place, or things that you can count separately.
- Count nouns can be singular or plural.
- They take singular or plural verbs.
- You can use a, an or the before them
With count nouns
many, a lot of, any, and enough
With non-count nouns
much, a lot of, any, and enough
With count nouns:
-There weren’t many students in classroom.
- Did you buy any clothes?
- There weren’t enough books
Proper Nouns and Common Nouns
NOTE: Capitalize the first letter of proper nouns
Note: Do not capitalize the first letter of a common noun unless the noun is the first word in a sentence.
People: scientist, teacher, archeologist.
Are things that you cannot count separately.
- Non-counts nouns no plural forms
She bought a lot of wool
Abstract words: Education, love, time.
Activities:Exploring, farming, sailing
Courses : archeology,history,math
Food: Corn, milk , salmon.
They take singular verbs and pronouns
Archeology is an interesting subjet.It was his favorite subjet.
Use cuantifiers with nouns to tal about how many or how much.Some cuantifiers go only with count or with non-count . (or both)
You can use much instead of a lot of in affirmative sentences but it’s very formal and not common
With non-count nouns
・We didn’t have much rice.
・Does she have any homework?
・There was never enough time.
Noun 1 : Indefinite Nouns
Ｙou not talk about a specific person, place, or thing in mind.
Noun 2 : Definite Nouns
Ｙou talk about a specific person, place, or things and a listener
also know what you are talking about.
Ignacio : I want to watch a movie.
Natsumi : Let’s go to the movie theater in Chinook Center. After checking movies, we can choose one.
In this situation…
Ignacio wants to watch any kinds of movie. He doesn’t decide yet what he will watch. And Both of Natsumi and Ignacio knows that there is a movie theater in Chinook Center.
To show that a noun is indefinite, use the indefinite article a / an, or no article, or some.
Use the indefinite article a / an with singular count nouns that are indefinite.
Use a before consonant sounds.
Use an before vowel sounds.
(ex.) a river / a European It is the sound
an idea / an honesty not the letter !!
Use no article or some with plural count nouns and with non-count nouns that are indefinite.
Some means an indefinite number.
Bailey wants to buy ( some ) cosmetics.
Marianny has to do ( some ) homework.
Notice uses of a/an，no article and some：
Ａｒｔｉｃｌｅｓ： 意Ｉｎｄｉｆｉｎｉｔｅ ａｎｄ Ｄｅｆｉｎｉｔｅ
- ｍａｎｙ ／ ａ ｌｏｔ ｏｆ
- ａ ｇｒｅａｔ ｍａｎｙ
- ａ ｆｅｗ
- ａ ｌｏｔ ｏｆ
－ ａ ｇｒｅａｔ ｄｅａｌ ｏｆ
- ａ ｌｉｔｔｌｅ
- Ｍａｎｙ ， ａ ｌｏｔ ｏｆ， ａ ｇｒｅａｔ ｍａｎｙ，ａｎｄ ａ ｇｒｅａｔ ｄｅａｌ ふｏｆｏｒ ａ ｌａｒｇｅ ｑｕａｎｔｉｔｙ
-Ｅｎｏｕｇｈｔ ｆｏｒ ａ ｓｍａｌｌｅｒ ｑｕａｎｔｉｔｙ
- Ｆｅｗ／ａ ｆｅｗ ａｎｄ ｌｉｔｔｌｅ/ a little for quantity ぇ
- Some and several for smaller quantity