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la comunidad 1

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by

Alison Brink

on 15 March 2018

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Transcript of la comunidad 1

Hoy es martes el dieciocho de abril
Indirect object pronouns
The indirect object (IO) tells us where the direct object (DO) is going.

He gives the book to María.
DO=Book

Where is the book going?
To María.

IO=María

He gives María the book.
DO=Book

Where is the book going?
To María.

IO=María
The indirect object answers the question “To whom?” or “For whom?” the action of the verb is performed.

He gives María the book.
To whom does he give the book?
To María.

IO=María

He buys me flowers.
For whom does he buy the flowers?
For me.

IO=me
In an affirmative statement with one verb, the indirect object pronoun comes immediately before the conjugated verb.

Juan me compra un regalo.
John buys me a gift.
John buys a gift for me.

Juan te compra un regalo.
John buys you a gift.
John buys a gift for you.

Juan le compra un regalo.
John buys her a gift.
John buys a gift for her.
lo esperado
usar el nuevo vocabulario para crear un cuento totalmente en español
Había una niña. A la niña le gustaba comer chocolate. Comió y comió todos los chocolates en la ciudad. Su mamá le dijo,- Debes comer menos chocolates.
Pero la niña le dijo, -Debes comprarme más chocolates.
Sentences that have an indirect object usually also have a direct object. Remember, the IO tells us where the DO is going. Notice how the sentences below just wouldn’t work without a direct object.

He gives María . . .
the book, the pen, the diamond, etc.

He buys me . . .
flowers, candy, an ironing board, etc.
Sometimes the direct object is not stated; rather it is implied, or understood.
hay más....
When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following pronouns:

me (me)
te (you-familiar)
le (him, her, you-formal)

nos (us)
os (you-all-familiar)
les (them, you-all-formal)
el vocabulario
debe- should

no se queda nada- there is nothing left
Entonces un día la niña tenía mucho dolor en la boca. La mamá le dijo, -Debes ir a la dentista.

Entonces la niña fue a la dentista. La dentista le sacó todos los dientes. Ahora no se queda nada en su boca. Ahora la pobre niña no puede comer chocolates.
Now, focus in on one part of each of the previous examples:

Juan me compra un regalo.
John buys (for) me a gift.

Juan te compra un regalo.
John buys (for) you a gift.

Juan le compra un regalo.
John buys (for) her a gift.
Let’s extract the IO phrase and its English equivalent:

me compra
buys (for) me

te compra
buys (for) you

le compra
buys (for) her
Juan nos compra un regalo.
Juan buys (for) us a gift.
Juan les compra un regalo.
Juan buys (for) them a gift.
nos compra
buys (for) us
les compra
buys (for) them
Determine the direct object (DO) and the indirect object (IO). Write only the noun, not the article.
He gave her the ring.
DO=
He gave her the ring.
IO=
He sang them a song.
DO=
He sang them a song.
IO=
Give the dog a bone.
DO=
Give the dog a bone.
IO=

Write the correct pronoun.

Juan compra flores para ella.
Juan ____________________ compra flores.

El mesero da el menú a ellos.
El mesero _______________ da el menú.

Ellos dan una propina a mí.
Ellos____________________ dan una propina.

Compro el libro para ti.
___________compro el libro.
Translate the phrases.
we (masculine) give them (dar)
______________________________________________________
she gives us (dar)
______________________________________________________
they (masculine) give us (dar)
______________________________________________________
they (feminine) give her (dar)
______________________________________________________
you-all (formal) give me (dar)
______________________________________________________
Sara buys me (comprar)
_____________________________________________________
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