Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Evolution and Applicability of Freudian Concepts

No description
by

Jeffrey Bulanda

on 17 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Evolution and Applicability of Freudian Concepts

The Evolution and Applicability
of
Freudian
Concepts
What do you know about Freud?
Controversies & Freud
Influences on Freud
Neurology
Physics
Archeology
Literature and Arts
Judaism
The Case of Anna O.
What was learned from Anna O.?
Free association
Resistance
Repression
Symptom Formation
Conversion
Transference
Countertransference
Symbolic content
Unconscious conflict
Freud's Ideas about Hysteria
Drive Theory
Libido
Aggressive
Drive
Psychosexual Development
Anal
Genital
Phallic
Latency
Oral
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Topographic Theory
Economic Theory
Structural
Model

Super
Ego
id
Ego
Punitive
Superego
Benign, or benevolent
Superego
Ego
ideal
Misconceptions
Compromise
Formation
Superego Development
All of the structures develop in large part through identifications with parents, larger family, community, religion, and the greater culture.

Such identifications can be harsh and cruel or tender and loving.
Qualities
It is the part of the mind that induces feelings of pride and satisfaction or shame and guilt.

These states have an experience of “I am being scrutinized by a parent-like other who disapproves, loathes, or is disgusted by me.”

Shame = interpersonal quality (“Others will think me bad”)
Guilt=Mental representation of the self pronouncing the negative judgment (“I am bad”)
Healthy Superego
Development
Pathological Superego
Development
In health, these three internal components of
1) ideals,
2) support, and
3) prohibitions or criticisms usually maintain a cooperative, reality-based balance with each other.

Contains an internal sense of morality. An empathic and compassionate identification with the experience of the other is a critical developmental milestone, coined “identification with the comforter.” (in juxtaposition to identification with the aggressor)
Psychopathology, on the other hand, offers many examples of disproportion and extreme discord among the three parts.
Can range from severe (antisocial / borderline) to more moderate (anxiety disorders)
A characteristic feature of the punitive superego is that it is readily and regularly externalized and experienced as coming from outside of the self.
Developmental
Considerations
Superego has been in development since early infancy.

Mothers of infants at high risk were observed making statements regarding their babies such as “You’re so bad,” “Can’t you leave me alone”

Many factors: How much time elapses between an infant expressing his or her need and the caregiver’s response? What is the quality of the response, the look on the caregiver’s face, and the tone of the caregiver’s voice?

The child’s primitive defenses and magical thinking, tend to make the superego of early childhood excessively harsh.

Severe Punishment (washing out mouth with soap): experiences become internalized. Through experience, through identification with the aggressor, a part of the child’s super-ego becomes one with the severe super-ego of the parent.

The loving parent (on the other hand) realizes that the child is already frightened and guilt-ridden and offers the child comfort and reassurance, thus contributing to the modification of the super-ego’s punitive tendencies.
Treatment
Considerations
Before you can get authentic feelings, you need to get rid of judgments about that.

The therapist must put into words what the patient is experiencing…acquaint her with the shaming, punitive aspect of her mind and will continue to do so nonjudgmentally, patiently, and tactfully.

Over time, the client identifies with the gentler, more loving superego of the therapist.
Freudian
Treatment
Principles

Free Association

Transference
Countertransference

Interpretation
Dreams
Full transcript