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Mental Retardation in the 1930's
Transcript of Mental Retardation in the 1930's
In the 1930's if someone was labeled as mentality impaired
they were placed into an asylum. They were looked at as strange and monstrous individuals, so as an easy escape they isolated them so they would not be seen by society.
While being in the asylum the patients would be kept in cells, along with chains to attach the patients to the wall if they had a outburst. Soon after patients were allowed pictures and more home like materials, doctors figured recovery would happen faster in more comfortable surroundings.
Causes of admission
In the 1930's mental asylums and insane asylums were one large asylum. Before advanced times and study of mental retardation people who were considered different could easily be put into an asylum. People were put in for being born with birth defects, if they had a bad experience in war, had a harder time understanding things than others, and other variations, the first thought was always retardation or sanity.
Labels and Judgment
The main reasons for asylums was that society was scared of the difference in people with needs. They also did not understand or take the time the research disabilities, so to the outside world they were monsters and labeled as insane.
Define Mental Retardation
Mental retardation is defined as the tested cognitive performance below the mean of the overall population. It is usually detected before age 18, usually as an infant or after birth if it is a postnatal condition.
How is Mental Retardation classified?
People who are mentality retarded can function like others to a point. They have limitations because of their mental challenge, they struggle with certain things, depending on what it is that challenges them. It varies from person to person. During the 1930's they were perceived as sick, which they are not, they will always live with the life challenges.
Different Type of Causes
There are different causes to make a person mentality retarded, chromosomal, prenatal influences (drug abuse, smoking, drinking, etc.), postnatal influences (car accident, heavy injury, getting kicked in the head by a horse.), at the time there was no individual test to diagnose someone as mentally impaired.
Prenatal Causes & Postnatal
Prenatal causes of mental retardation is usually caused by the mothers age, or genetics from past family members. Postnatal causes are brain damage, cultural or environmental surroundings, infections and illness. Because the asylums were not well taken care of, the environmental factors were huge, but at the time that was not thought of.
While patients were living inside the asylum they were almost always cut out of the outside world. Family members usually did not go to see patients, having a family member inside an asylum was looked at as disgraceful at the time.