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Transcript of psychology ethics
All Participants in the study or research must participate voluntary. Participants can not be enticed by goods or money to take part in an experiment. Participants can only be payed for compensation of lost pay (from there real job) during the time of the experiment.
All participants need to be debriefed at the end of an experiment of the true nature behind the study. What the researcher was studying and what there part in the study was needs to be clearly explained to the participant. If particpant was deceived during the experiment, the researcher needs to give reasons why and how it benefited the study. Any questions asked by the participant during the debriefing stage need to be answered honestly and as best possible.
APS (Australian Psychology Society) monitor all members making sure they are abiding by the psychology code of ethics; principles of professional conduct, responsibilities and confidentiality. The ethics code was developed to safeguard the welfare of participates in psychological services/experiments. The APS Ethics Committee also investigate breaches of these rules, and those found guilty of breaches may be removed from membership of the APS.
Ethics of psychology
Participants must be told certain information before giving informed consent:
The real purpose of the research.
Procedures involved in the research.
All the risks and possible discomforts to the participant. These include not only physical injury but also possible psychological injury
How long the subject is expected to participate
Details on who to contact in the event something goes wrong; injury or emergency
"Ethics are moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity/experiment."
- Oxford dictionary
Participants must give consent to take part in an experiment, if the participant is under the age of 18 a parent or guardian must give consent for them to participate. In some experiments its impossible to gain informed consent, the study is only allowed to continue if what the subject is observed doing is something that would happen in their everyday life.
All Participants personal details and the information gained from them must be kept anonymous unless they give their full consent. In NO cases should a participants real name be used in a professional research report.
Participants from the very start of the investigation must be aware that they can withdrawal from the experiment at any time. Even at the end of a study the participant has a final chance to withdraw the data they have provided for the research.
Participants can be misled or wrongly informed about the aims of a experiment, even though this rule clashes with the debriefing and informed consent ethics. Deception is sometimes necessary in order to provide realistic results and not what the participants thinks the researcher is looking for. Although deception is allowed, participants must be deceived as little as possible, and any deception must not cause distress. Participants informed consent gained through deception must be informed of the true nature behind the experiment at the earliest possible time and MUST be explained in debriefing. If the participant is likely to object or be distressed once they discover the true nature of the research at debriefing, then the study shouldn't be continued .
By Louise Nixon