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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WALLED CITY OF LAHORE PROJEC

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Asma Faheem Khan

on 10 July 2014

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Transcript of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WALLED CITY OF LAHORE PROJEC

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WALLED CITY OF LAHORE PROJECT(SDWCLP)  
AN OVERVIEW

Sustainable development of Walled City of Lahore Project
The Sustainable development of Walled City of Lahore Project (SDWCLP) is an initiative of the Government of Punjab aimed at regeneration of the Walled City of Lahore and will involve development of the WCL, restoration of monuments, tourist facilities and public amenities.

OUR OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this work is to share preliminary observations on some of the social aspects of the historic city by drawing attention to the marginalized sections of Lahore’s population living in old city.

BACKGROUND OF WCL
The Walled City of Lahore (WCL) is the result of cultural influences of at least three major political periods in the sub-continent:
the Mughal Empire,
the British Raj and
post- independence Pakistan
architecture /representing all these cultural sources, smaller scale vernacular architecture.
not only monuments but also urban ensembles, the living cultural heritage (traditions, folklore, arts and crafts and related elements)
The wealth of cultural heritage endowments of WCL represents an enormous potential to contribute to the economic development of the greater metropolitan Lahore.

• To preserve, restore, protect and develop the Walled City Lahore
•To provide improved infrastructure and services reflecting rich heritage
• To attract tourism
• To create compatible economic opportunities

OBJECTIVES OF SDWCLP
PROJECT BACKGROUND
The project was started in 2006 by Government of Punjab
The Government has obtained World Bank financing to initiate a pilot project in the WCL, along the Royal Trail/ Shahi Ghuzargah between the Delhi gate and the Akbari gate of the Royal Fort
57 streets will be covered in the project
the whole project comprises of four phases of which phase I is expected to be complete by 2014

SPECIFICATIONS OF WCL
traditional food items
free availability of pedestrian paths
strong social relationships
historical monuments
DONORS AND PARTNERS
The World Bank
Norwegian Embassy
German Embassy
The World Bank is the donor of SDWCLP.
A loan agreement was signed between the Government of Punjab and the World Bank in June 2006, in which US$ 6.0 million was diverted from the World Bank credit for the Punjab Urban Development Sector
The World Bank
Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC)
Donors
AKTC is supporting the Walled City Authority in all the technical matters in terms of restoration and conservation work being carried out on the Royal Trail
Shahi Hammam
Wazir Khan Mosque
Gali Surjan Singh
Creation of a heritage trail (Shahi Guzargah) that leads from Delhi Gate to Lahore Fort.
connects along many of the heritage monuments like Shahi Hamam, Masjid Wazir Khan, Sonehri Masjid and Begum Shahi Masjid. 
Pilot Project Package -1 entails complete restoration and renovation of the entire built heritage, urban infrastructure and general services
The total cost for the Pilot Project Package -1 (Delhi Gate to Chowk Kotwali) is Rs.1359.778 million , out of which Rs. 724.518 are allocated for Urban Rehabilitation and Infrastructure Improvement.
The project has 49% Government of Punjab and 51% World Bank share.
total number of 57 streets and main Royal Trail starting from Delhi Gate up till Chowk Kotwali will be restored in this first phase.
“The Royal Trail” – Shahi Guzargah - Pilot Project
Maps of WCL
street representation
Development Activities

The following are the development activities under SDWCLP:
 Restoration of the monuments
 Removal of encroachments alongside the monuments and outside Delhi Gate
 Repair of entire trail:
 Revamping the water supply system on the Royal Trail
 Underground electrification of the Royal Trail
 Establishing of tourists facilities such as hotels and restaurants along the Royal Trail
 Identification and notification of buildings as special premises with cultural worth
 Preparation and implementation of model solid waste management system in Walled City of Lahore
 Enforcement of building control byelaws within the Walled City of Lahore
 Preparation and enforcement of traffic regulation and management plans in the Walled City of Lahore

Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) 
Walled City of Lahore Authority
Partners
Walled City of Lahore Authority
German Embassy woking with AKCSP in Gali Surjan Singh
Norwegian Embassy working with AKCSP in Shahi Hammam, Wazir Khan Mosque
Walled City of Lahore
Gali Surjan Singh
Demonstration Project
Mohammadi Mohallah
Impacts, Outcomes & Benefits of Project
rehabilitation conditions of street
before
after
rehabilitation conditions of street
rehabilitation conditions of street
Mr. Shafiq, a local resident and owner of a book shop
Ms. Naheed Iftikhar (AKCSP)
before
after
before
after
16 houses out of 23 were completely restructured
funding by German Embassy
work completed in 3 phases
restructured street with modern drainage system
Project cost 2 crore PKR excluding salaries
financial input by people as well
providing people with modern living conditions
Overall viewpoint of people

Considered as model street
Total renovation of houses
Infrastructure development
people are content and satisfied with work
modern living structures

Condition (H-1124) before and after restructuring
Condition of ceiling before and after
Kitchen Area
before
after
before
after
before
after
Condition of house (H-1138/A)
First floor
before
after
before
after
before
after
Mrs. Zeba Shahid, a local resident and housewife
Overall viewpoint of people
Only front of houses was built
Poor material used
Drainage problem
Again renovated by people
better conditions existed earlier
blockage of storm water drains
construction of kitchen exists in records only
poor construction material used that keeps coming off
no hangings can be attached on walls
blockage of storm water drains
Outcomes
Impacts
for de-commercialization that had been destroying material and non-material culture
creation of ambassadors and CBOs (Community Based Organizations) comprising local people of area
convincing people on building design
sense of honorship
Social Mobilization for Project
Mr. Ali Aslam Gill, Asst. Dr. Social Mobilization
Social Impacts
weakening of social relationships among neighbors
shift from independent state to dependent state
loss of people's association with the area
loss of commons
jealousy against people with newly constructed houses
removal of shops/encroachments in large number from the Shahi Guzargah
GENTRIFICATION
GENTRIFICATION
The word gentrification derives from gentry—which comes from the Old French word genterise, "of gentle birth"

"class inequalities and injustices created by capitalist urban land markets and policies" - Ruth Glass

OR

"the process by which higher income households displace lower income residents of a neighbourhood, changing the essential character and flavour of that neighbourhood" - Kennedy and Leonard
World wide GENTRIFICATION examples
Mumbai
Shanghai
Quito
Beijing
SDWCLP - A hidden GENTRIFICATION
The current SDWCLP of old historic city is a disguised gentrification project.
Gentrification has become a global urban strategy - Neil Smith
The gentrification process in WCL in future will occur at th cost of loss of public space.
The new buildings and areas will be targeted to the local elites and grow in importance to international elites.
Conclusion
Clear about the looser and winner of the project
Hidden cost of the project - social
Change in dependency of people

post-construction regulations of WCLA
Glocalization
from globalization and localization
adaptation of a product or service specifically to each locality or culture in which it is sold
corresponds to the integration of local markets into world capitalism - Phillip Hong and In Han Song
Wood Workings under Package 1
Shahi Hammam
Plan of Gali Surjan Singh
a local resident
Mohammadi Mohallah
a small neighborhood thickly populated and congested
main street and a group of five tributary streets taking off from the main street
Total number of houses in Mohammadi Mohallah is 33 with one Mosque
work started on 12th February 2011
total estimated cost for this demonstration project was Rs. 14.7 million
Work began in two phases
Phase I involved community mobilization
Phase II was the Infrastructure work
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