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Ancient Egypt

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by

Autumn Parker

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt

Egyptians made
papyrus
.
Papyrus
didn't decay in warm weather.
Rosetta Stone
was used to write
hieroglyphics
. Egyptians wrote in
hieroglyphics
.
Hieroglyphics
use more than 600 symbols. People wrote love poems or stories about kings or gods. The Book of the Dead tells about after life.

Egyptians were masterful artists. Paintings showed important events like the crowning of kings and finding of temples. Egyptians also made beautiful jewelry from gold and stones.

Sphinxes
were imaginary creatures with lion bodies and human or other animal heads.

A tall four-sided pillar that is pointed at the top is called an
obelisk
. In the Temple of Karnak high windows let light and air in.
Causal Factors/Map/Bibliography
Human Geography (Economics)
Government
Rise of Civilization
Geography
Afterlife
Hieroglyphics
Papyrus
Rosetta Stone
Sphinx
Obelisk
Random Facts
Vocabulary
Map
Burstein, Stanley Mayer., and Richard Hon-Chun. Shek. World History: Ancient Civilizations through the Renaissance. Orlando: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012. Print.

"Craftsmen & Artists - Ancient Egypt for Kids." Craftsmen & Artists - Ancient Egypt for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014. <http://egypt.mrdonn.org/art.html>.
Bibliography
Chaos disrupted trade with foreign lands and farming declined. Pharaohs wealth and power declined. Then later trade brought wealth to pharaohs. Pharaohs used wealth for art. Egyptians used trade routes to trade turquoise and copper.
Queen Hatshepsut
made a
trade network
and sent traders South. Again trade was disrupted when they were attacked.
Trade
In 2200 BC the
Old Kingdom
had fallen and nobles battled each other. Before the the
Middle Kingdom
there was no ruler. The
Middle Kingdom
was a period of order and stability. Pharaohs couldn't hold the kingdom together. Then the Hyksos conquered Lower Egypt. Ahmose got rid of them and declared himself king. This was the ending of the
Middle Kingdom
. Then the
New Kingdom
began. The
New Kingdom
reached power and glory. Hyksos conquered the Eastern Mediterranean shore. They also defeated the kingdom of Kush.
Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom
Society became more complex as population grew.

Nobles used government position to take power from pharaohs.

Scribes didn't pay taxes and became very wealthy.

Ramses the Great's reign was the longest in Egyptian history.

Sea Peoples sailed to South West Asia.

Slaves worked on farms.

Architects designed temples and royal tombs. Artists worked in pharaohs tombs painting pictures. According to Mr. Donn's website craftsman were not allowed to put their name on their work.

People built pyramids, mined gold, and fought wars. Egypt had a professional army, but fell in to a period of disorder. Egypt would never again regain it's power.
Random Facts
The king of Upper Egypt wore a white cone shaped crown. The king of Lower Egypt wore a red crown to show authority. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt spoke the same language, had the same culture, and worshiped the same gods, but did not get along.

Without the Nile Egypt would be a desert. The river provided things for making buildings, cloth, and even paper made from wild papyrus weed.
Menes
came to power around 3100 BC.
Menes
was the first
pharaoh
. He found Egypt's first
dynasty
.
Menes
(from Upper Egypt) wanted to rule both Upper and Lower Egypt to gain more power. He married the princess from Lower Egypt to strengthen his control over the unified country.
Menes
unified Lower and Upper Egypt. He conquered Lower Egypt and ruled Re. He wore a red and white crown to show he ruled both parts of Egypt. He extended Egypt's territory and built a new capital city named Memphis. Later other people from this family ruled. The first
dynasty
lasted about 200 years.
Menes
Pharaoh
Dynasty
Farmers grew wheat, grain, barley, fruits, and veggies. Farmers raised cattle and sheep.

They had a consistent source of water. Rivers provided many types of fish. Hunter Gatherers moved in 17,000 years ago. Hunters trapped wild geese and ducks near river.

In 3200 BC, villages came together to form two different kingdoms, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. They developed irrigation and canals. They were naturally fortified by bodies of water and desert. To the North was the Mediterranean Sea. To the South was cataracts. To te East was the Red Sea. To the West was the Desert.
They settled around the same time by rivers.

Just like Mesopotamians, Egyptians had a varied diet.

Both developed irrigation and canals and had basins to collect water.


Similarities betweeen Egyptians and Mesopotamians
Egypt was called the gift of the Nile because the Nile gave life to the desert. Egyptians built canals to transport people and food.

The Nile was like a highway. It helped people and fertilized the land. It was the reason civilization grew in that area. The Nile is the longest river in the world. It is 4000 miles. The river flowed south to north.

Upper Egypt was in the southern region.
Cataracts
were strong rapids in Upper Egypt that made sailing that part of Egypt difficult. Lower Egypt was in the northern region. The Nile
Delta
in Lower Egypt contained 2/3 of Egypt's fertile farmland.

Nileometer measured the height of floods so that they would know how good crops would be. This way would know how much to tax.

Black Land= Fertile near the Nile Red Land= Desert
Vocabulary from this section
Vocabulary
Old Kingdom
Middle Kingdom
New Kingdom
Queen Hatshepsut
Ramses the Great
Trade network
Nobles
Ancient Egypt
NE Africa 30 Degrees N Latitude
4500 BC - 400 AD
By: Autumn Parker
Full transcript