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the house and the city

social science approach for BAS diploma 2016
by

tord bakke

on 8 January 2016

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Transcript of the house and the city

coresident group
family
household
domestic group
the house
and the city

the house
structuralism
cosmology
gender relations
rituals
upbringing
learning
mimicking
socialization
rites of passage
liminality
change?
locus for social relations
status - rights and duties
role - rules and expectations
public - private

taboo

tangible and symbolic fences
the kabyle house embodies social categories

structure
sosialization
role dilemmas
investment
fixed capital
social position
Gullestad
Helliwell
presentation of self
impression management
define situation
role-play
stage and actor
the self vs identity
Goffman
from actors to groups
aggregates
collective identities
groups
subcultures
public culture
the city
distances
directions
location
whereabouts
relative location
importance
experience
general directions
subjective
observation
meaning
The possibility that the same physical space can come to be used as a setting for more than one social occasion, and hence as a locus for more than one set of expectations, is regularly recognized in society and typically restricted. (Goffman)
Bourdieu
-a city is not an aggregation of households, neighborhoods or villages

how to deal with the city?
number of residents
density
infrastructure
social structures and processes
urbanity
subjective - individuals' experience of belonging, membership or common interests

objective - shared features - statistical or geographical – age, sex, place of residence, or origin, income, education, ethnicity, employment, or a combination

When relying on objective criteria it is vital to find relevant criteria - preliminary qualitative research
groups
a city mirrors the dominant and hegemonic ideologies of society

public spaces are infested with the same social prejudices and ideological orientations as the rest of our culture
position and power
public spaces
are understood according
to social status and cultural background
culture is an ongoing negotiation between different perspectives and positions
middle-class gentrification
financial institutions (BID's)
fixed capital - liminal space
culturization competitive strategy industry to consumption - whose?
Freedom vs. safety – challenging the democratic organization of public space
scale vs. complexity
number of social- statuses
single status- relations
anonymity
methods
theme for the seminar
- exclusion, safety, exposure and belonging
-the parkour runner, graffiti artist, the old lady, the toddler...
-but also the wealthy, poor, drug addict, physically impaired, victim of violence, environment activist, unemployed...
The city as signs - has only potential
meaning that has to be realized through
interpretation, Paul Ricoeur

In the city there by necessity is created an internal relation between individual experience and cultural representation - between interpretation and objectified meaning, Walter Benjamin

Interpretation is based on embodied
aesthetic, normative and cognitive
experiences as well as sociocultural
conceptualizations
Social control
Order
Discipline
Civilization




Foucault

Low
Zukin
fieldwork
participant- observation
qualitative- interviews
literature
methods strategies
reflexivity
ethics
muted groups

whose city?
the meaning which materializes in the organization of objects in space can only be discovered through associated social practices

Gullestad
Bourdieu
Leaning to become human
Thomas
Bloch

David Harvey
tasks and teams
social organization
culture
Habitus
space and time
Tord.Bakke@gmail.com
Social structures are the basis for forming our physical environment
We shape our buildings, and afterward our buildings shape us
Objectivity, time, space, language, groups, culture
Something is always something for someone
Change vs. tradition
Traditional - modern - post-modern
The world as socially constructed
Intersubjectivity and collective memory
Planning
Produce subjects dependent on experts, and ordered into realities governed through planning
Requires normalization and standardization of reality
Modernity: Nation state, Emptying of time and space, Expert systems
Bio-political strategies - hygiene, lawfulness, order - disciplining
Rational act or the coming to terms with conflicting interests
Formal elements - informal elements: politics
The more complex situations one plan for, the more perspectives should be consulted
Authentic knowledge of space must address the question of its production
Network society
- depends on shared social codes
Space of flows (network)
vs. space of places (experience)
Physical - Social - Affective
Relational forces
Assemblage (events, connectivity)
The city as a complex scenography
Full transcript