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Greek Mythology: Oedipus The King
Transcript of Greek Mythology: Oedipus The King
Oedipus The King
"The body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. A part of the religion in ancient Greece."
Apollo, if you have not heard the news,
has sent back to us who sent to him
an answer saying: "No deliverance from the plague
except you seek and find the Laius killers
and punish with such death or banishment"
Priest, Pg. 18
Son of Zeus and Leto
Great god of oracles and prophecy, music and poetry, disease and healing
Portrayed as a long-haired, handsome young man who holds a lyre and bow/arrows
Slayed the serpent Pytho and defeated him with his arrows to avenge his mother Leto whom the serpent had been constantly pursuing
Also known as Phoebus
Once long ago there came to Laius
from - let's not supposed Apollo personally
but from his ministers - an oracle,
... Jocasta, Pg. 40
Athena and Artemis
Virgin goddess of reason, war, defense of towns, and crafts
Favourite daughter of Zeus
Born from Zeus’ forehead, motherless
Courageous and brave in battle but will only fight to defend her state from outside enemies
Great city of Athens is named after her
Involved in most heroic Greek tales, siding with other gods in times of battle
Usually portrayed with a spear and helmet
Virgin daughter of Zeus and Leto
Twin sister of Apollo
Goddess of purity and chastity, the moon and the wild
Lady of the wild things who hunts with a bow and arrow
Protector of the girl child up to the age of marriage
I call on you first, Zeus' daughter, immortal Athena,
Then on your sister, earth's guardian,
Artemis ringed round with praises and throned in our
Ares and Amphitrite
Great Olympian god of war and manly courage
Son of Zeus and Hera
While Athena represents the wisdom and thought behind war, Ares solely represents the act of it
Ruthless and murderous
Loves war and battle
Supreme ruler of the gods
Rain god, lord of the sky
Weapon is a thunderbolt which he uses on those who displease him
Has had many affairs although he is married to Hera
Dislikes those that lie or break oaths and is said to punish those that do
Ruler of heaven and earth
Muffle the wildfire Ares
Warring with copper-hot fever
Without clash of sword or shield.
Whirl him back homeward and headlong,
Plunge him down from our shores
Into Amphitrite's foaming
Lap or unquiet grave
Of hissing Thracian seas.
Strophe III, Pg. 13
Zeus, if king of kings you are,
Then let this trespass not go hidden
From you and your great eye undying.
Antistrophe II, Pg. 48
Goddess of the sea
Wife of Posiedon who is Zeus' brother
Greek god of wine, festivity, and ritual madness
Born from Zeus' thigh
Also known as Bacchus by the Romans
Usually portrayed with a drinking up and fruiting vine
O Zeus, what plaything will you make of me?
Oedipus, Pg. 41
Ah! and far-shooting Phoebus.
You three that are champions swift to deliver, appear!
For if ever the fire of disaster
Reared on our city, you beat its affliction away.
Defend and be near us today.
Antistrophe I, Pg. 12
And you, O Theban Bacchus,
Wine blushed, xanthic crowned,
You smiling god of succor,
Antistrophe III, Pg. 13
Greek Gods in Oedipus the King
The importance of Greek gods and deities in Greek mythology are designed to answer questions that science could not find explain at that time. The world was created by gods and existed because of them. The citizens turned to god when they needed assistance.