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Geological and Mining Engineering

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on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of Geological and Mining Engineering

By: Natalie Brejcha

Responsibilities and Duties
These include:
-geotechnical, geological, geophysical, or geohydrological data
-giving opinions to enhancements of projects taken on by civil engineers
-inspecting land for construction purposes
-safety of mines and the study of ore deposits
-guiding technologitsts, technicians, other engineers and scientists.

A Bachelor of Science degree for this career can be obtained through colleges such as the University of Wisconsin-Madison. This Univesity has around forty classes for someone aiming at geological engineering specifically. These classes range from local requirements to more field related classes, such as Rock Mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Hydrogeology, Geological Design, and Field Methods in Applied and Engineering Geophysics.
The average starting salary for the first two years of a mining engineer is $55,575. For the next two years, the average expected salary rises to $71, 408. At the end of this spectrum is a high pay of $90,166 from the starting period to the end of four years.
Areas of Specialization
The areas of specialization include:
What exactly is it?
Geological and mining engineering is using the natural resources from the earth in order to solve current worldly problems or improve the solutions that have already been established. In doing so, these engineers make sure that as little damage is done to the environment as possible.
Geotechnical Site Investigation
This specialized field is determining the safety of a site in order for use. This determination is made by evaluating the local features.
Rock and Soil Slope Strength
People in this field test the capability of soil or rock to withstand erosion. Erosion usually occurs in a downward slope, hence the "slope" part of this area.
This is a form of geology dealing with the waters below earth's surface and with the geological aspects of surface water.
Groundwater Engineering
This area of specialization is quite similar to that of hydrogeology. Groundwater engineering consists of evaluating underground water to determine the quantity of it and if the water itself is fitting enough to be used for any projects.
Environmental Site Investigation
This is judging the land and determining if it is useable for projects such as construction of buildings or roads.
Example from the Interview of Al Witty
“Responsibilities start with the geologist that include the following: 1) Locate mineable deposit. 2) Deposit evaluation – sampling & testing. 3) Reserve analysis (volume of deposit calculated in mineable tons). 4) Deposit location evaluation. How far is it from profitable market? 5) Zoning evaluation. Is deposit located in area that can be zoned for mining? If all of the above issues can be resolved, we can then proceed with the mine design, which includes pit/quarry layout, depth /thickness of the benches, evaluation of rock quality, and separation of benches based on differing lithology of bedrock and its intended use (base stone, asphalt stone, concrete stone, high purity CaCO3 [calcium carbonate] stone, etc…). Next the Engineering staff (geological and mechanical) design the processing plant that is best suited for the mineral deposit and the geological characteristics and determine what end products need to be produced, “ (12).
Typical Work Places
According to the University of Wisconsin-Madison, utilizing the experiences and knowledge gained from their classes gives high probabilities for jobs with consulting firms (companies that advise other companies), the petroleum and gas industry, mining companies, and federal and state laboratories and agencies. Very common workplaces for geological and mining engineers are quarries. Martin Marietta, whose networks are spread throughout states including Indiana, opperates many quarries.
Salary Graphs 1 and 2
Geological and Mining Engineering
Interview Continued
Q: Are there any specific tools or equipment required for your job?
A: Pencil, paper, lots and lots of patients, and earth samples

A: Make sure it is what you truly want to do; the mining fields have changed now that technology has gotten better. However, in a way, your pen still decides another person’s life.
Q: Do you have any advice for someone looking to go into mining/geological engineering?

Q: What are some of the projects you've worked on?
A: I worked on the elevator shafts. Later in my career I did some work on a section of the Alaskan pipeline.

Interview with Phillis Case, Retired Mining Engineer
Q: Does your job deal mainly with people, data or things?
A: My job worked with mainly data. It was mostly trial and error, you looked at mistakes that other mineshafts had and you made sure yours didn't have the same mistake. However, when we were given the materiel that the mineshaft would be running through, we did our best to try and guarantee that the shaft would be safe.
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