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Thailand- My Experiences as an Exchange Student

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Emily Massiglia

on 4 May 2016

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Transcript of Thailand- My Experiences as an Exchange Student

Thailand's official name is the Kingdom of Thailand
Capital- Bangkok
Currency- Thai baht
Language- Thai
National Anthem- Phleng Chat Thai
Nationality- Thai (singular and plural form)
Major religion- Buddhism
Government- constitutional monarchy
Population- 67,222,972 (July 1, 2014)
Bangkok
Full name in Thai- Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahinthara Yutthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udom Ratchaniwet Mahasathan Amonphiman Awatansathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukamprasit
Means- City of angels, great city of immortals, magnificent city of the nine gems, seat of the king, city of royal palaces, home of gods incarnate, erected by Visvakarman at Indra's behest
Most Thai call it Krung Thep
Bangkok's population (2014)- 8.5 million
Thai Baht
32.58 Thai baht equals 1 US dollar
1 Thai baht equals about three US cents
All of the temples pictured on the faces of the coins are from Bangkok
Please don't sing!
Religion
There is absolute religious freedom in Thailand; all religions are protected by the constitution
Buddhism- 95%
Islam- 4%
Christians- 0.5%
Other- 0.5%
Buddhism originated when Prince Siddhartha Gotama realized that wealth and luxury did not equal happiness and set out to find what did
He was enlightened at the age of 35
Language
Official language- Thai
Other languages spoken include Burmese, Japanese, Kayan, and English
There are many dialects
The Central Thai dialect consists of 44 consonants and 32 vowels
English is being taught as a secondary language in Thai schools
Thailand- My Experiences as an Exchange Student
The Kingdom of Thailand
Random Fun Facts
Phleng Chat Thai
In Bangkok, it is illegal to leave the house without underwear!
Red Bull originated in Thailand
Thai play elephant polo for fun
They also play Sepak Takraw, which is foot volleyball
Bridge over the River Kwai
A bridge over the river Kwai (as the name suggests)
Part of the Burma-Siam Railroad
One of the main reasons this is an attraction is because 8,000 to 10,000 people died in its construction
The Great Buddha of Thailand
The ninth tallest statue in the world
300 feet tall and 210 feet wide
Took 18 years to complete
Located in the Wat Muong monastery in the Ang Thong province
"Thailand: 20 Fascinating Facts."
Travel
. Travel, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 24 Apr. 2015.
Works Cited Bubble
Ostheimer, Simon. "Thailand's 6 Biggest Buddhas and a Humongous 3-headed Elephant."
CNN Travel
. CNN, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 25 Apr. 2015.
"Great Buddha of Thailand, The Tallest Statue in
Thailand." GiganticStatues.Com. GiganticStatues.Com, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 25 Apr. 2015.
Thai flag
White, Brian. "BuddhaNet Basic Buddhism Guide: A Five Minute Introduction."
Buddha Dharma Education Association & BuddhaNet
. Buddhist Studies, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.
"East and Southeast Asia:: Thailand."
The World Factbook
. Central Intelligence Agency, 21 Apr. 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.
Thailand's Constitutional Monarchy
A constitutional monarchy has a prime minister who is actually in charge of the kingdom and a hereditary king symbolizing the country
England also has a constitutional monarchy
Thailand's current king- Phumipol Adulyadej
Thailand's current prime minister- Prayut Chan-o-cha
Citizens can vote for the representatives they agree with, but the king can dismiss representatives
"Religion."
HelloSiam
. HelloSiam.com, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.
Prayut Chan-o-cha
Phumipol Adulyadej

Population
The population is 67,222,972
The popuation density is 131 people to every square kilometer
Thailand is number 20 on the list of world population numbers
They make up 0.93% of the world's population
Rites of Passage
Customs and Traditions
The wai is a traditional greeting
Children sleep with their mothers until they are teenagers
Food is always prepared by women and young girls
Children always wear uniforms from primary school to college
Thai will always try to place strangers in hierarchies so they know how to treat them
When entering a Thai's house, step over the threshold, not on it.
Boys move from adolescence to adults by spending at least one rainy season in a monastery as buahts, or Buddhist novices, and are not considered grown until they have been ordained an monk
There are no rites of passage for girls
Kompa, Joana. "Rites of Passage into Adulthood in Thai Culture: Biological Base, Behavioural & Cognitive Perspectives."
Joana Stella Kompa: My Blog on Applied Psychology & Education
. Joana Stella Kompa, 24 July 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Family Life
Technology & Thai Culture
Extended families often live together
Children learn to respect and obey their elders
Children and teenagers care for grandparents and other elderly relatives
Most people don't move out until marriage; some don't move out at all
"Thai."
Countries and Their Cultures.
Everyculture.com, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Relationships
The head is considered the most important part of the body, so Thai must keep their heads below the heads of their superiors
It is considered taboo to hug or kiss someone of the opposite sex in public; however, it is allowed to hug someone of your shared gender
If you are in the neighborhood of a friend or family member, it is polite to drop by with no warning, most often with food for a present.
The
Wai Instructions
1. Put your palms together as if in prayer, fingertips up
2. Rest your thumbs on your forehead or chest
3. Bow slightly from the waist; make sure to look up the whole time
If one of the two people is lower in status or age, they make the
wai
first
If the higher person is sitting, the lower must stoop until he or she is below the head of the higher
If there is a large distance (ex. poor man and prime minister) the lower will make the
wai
and it will not be returned
"Thailand - Thai Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette."
Kwintessential.
Kwintessential, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
Some Thai villages and rural areas do not have running water and electricity
For that reason, technology barely affects Thai culture
Wat Phra Kaew
Temple in Bangkok
Is the Buddhist's most sacred temple
Translates to Temple of the Emerald Buddha
The Thai king is the only one allowed near the Emerald Buddha, which is a two foot tall dark green statue
The king performs rituals at different times throughout the year
Health in Thailand
Life expectancy- m71/f79
Common diseases- malaria, tuberculosis, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases
31 people to every 100,000 die from HIV/AIDS
Death rates actually seem to be going up rather than down (based on a 2000 rate)
There is a 0% chance of mothers dying in childbirth
Between the ages of 30 and 70 the probability of dying of disease is 16%
Smoking is not very common
"Thailand: WHO Statistical Profile."
World Health Orginization
. World Health Organization, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
Conflict
Franco-Siam War (1893)
Palace Revolt of 1912
Thai Military Coup (1932)
Thai Military Coup (1933)
Thai Royalist Revolt (1933)
Rebellion of the Sergeants (1935)
Songsuradet Rebellion (1939)
World War II
Franco-Thai Border War (Jan. 9, 1941-Jan. 28, 1941)
Japanese Invasion of Thailand (1941)
Thai Military Coup (1947)
Thai Naval Revolt (1949)
Korean War (1950-1953)
Thai Naval Rebellion (1951)
Cambodia-Thai Border Clash (1958)
The American-Vietnamese War-(1956-1975)
Thai Communist Guerrilla War (1965-1982)
Khmer Rouge (Cambodia) Border Raids into Thailand (1975-1979)
Thai-Laotian Border War (1987-1988)
Thailand-Myanmar Border Conflict (2001)
Thai Muslim Rebellion (2003 – Present)- Muslims rebelled against Thailand's government
"WARS AND CONFLICTS OF THAILAND AND SIAM." The History Guy. The History Guy, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
Chiang Mai Night Bazaar
This is basically a huge outdoor shopping mall that is only open at night
You can buy food, clothing, handmade souvenirs, art, and much, much more
Used to be owned by one Chinese company
Now it is made up of hundreds of Thai vendors
Thailand Monkey Banquet
A festival for the resident monkeys of Lopburi, Thailand
The monkeys get huge amounts of food just for them
History
The first ethnic groups were Malay, Khmer, and Mon
Around the 10th century AD, ethnic Thai people invaded and overthrew the ruling Khmer Empire, forming the two rival kingdoms, the Sukhothai and the Ayutthaya
Szczepanski, Kallie. "Thailand Facts and History." About Education. About Education, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
Effects of Geography
Has some of the most fertile rice and fruit growing land in the world
This area has become the cultural and economic heart of Thailand
The western mountains are virtually unsettled
Life in Thailand
The quality of life is that of a developing country
The cost is 15957 baht per month ($485)
Common jobs: teaching English, manufacturing, farming, tourism, accounting, and engineering
The education system is divided into three levels as follows:
"Working in Thailand." <i>Expat Arrivals</i>. Expat Arrivals, 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
Level 1: first three years of school
KG1 to KG3 – 3 years to 5 years old
Level 2: Primary or elementary school (Prathomsuksa or Prathom)
P1 to P6 – 6 years to 11 years old
Level 3: Secondary school (Mattayomsuksa or Mattayom)
M1 to M6 – 12 years to 18 years old
Level 1 is optional, but Thai children are required to complete levels P1 to M3.
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