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Copy of Science Writing Heuristic

STEM Training

nancy caukin

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Science Writing Heuristic

What is a
Science Writing Heuristic
SWH is a guided-inquiry
writing-to-learn strategy
used to promote:
design and carry out labs
based on their questions
make claims
share what they learned
with their peers
apply understandings
in new ways
based on evidence
reflect on
compare their findings to the
scientific community
their experiences
Try a Better Inquiry Lab
Science Writing Heuristic:

Dr. Nancy Caukin
What do students do
when using SWH ?
How do teachers
use SWH?
How do students
know what to do?
What is Science Writing Heuristic (SWH)?
What do students do
when using SWH?
How do
use SWH?
The NRC, publisher of the
"National Science Education Standards"
recommends that in science classes:

students need to
ask the questions
students need to do
the investigating
students need to
have supportive evidence
for their claims
students need to
compare findings
to scientific studies
students need to communicate
and defend their findings
Where are we going?
How do students
know what to do
during SWH?
What do students say
about using SWH?
 “It helped me actually know what we were doing by me designing it (lab) and writing it down because it made me think about it more.”
 “The writing portion in labs helped me to really learn, not just memorize. By writing, I was able to absorb the knowledge, and then explain it in my own words.”
 “[I] learned responsibility and to be a better thinker”
 “It helped me to learn how to develop questions and solve problems.”
 “I am not very good at science, but in labs I am confident because I know what I am doing.”
 “These labs helped me become more independent so that I could be more of my own scientist.”
What do teachers say about SWH?
"Students were able to easily follow the instructions, remain on task, and learn."
"My students can sometimes be chatty during projects, and I had some reservations about that. They pleasantly surprised me by remaining on task with this project."
"I loved the implementation of writing!!! This was a great lesson to begin the understanding of the scientific method. I based all the other lessons with this scientific method writing format."
"I really enjoyed the reflections the students wrote at the end of the learning. It was a great form of evaluation."
What do students say
about using SWH?
What do teachers
say about SWH?
Comparison Standard Lab Format and SWH Format

Standard Report Format SWH Student Template
1. Title, purpose. 1. Beginning Questions—What are my questions?
2. Outline of procedure. 2. Tests—What do I do?
3. Data and observations. 3. Observations—What can I see?
4. Discussion. 4. Claims—What can I claim?
5. Balanced equations, 5. Evidence—How do I know? Why am I making graphs.
calculations, these claims?
6. How do my ideas compare with other ideas?
7. How have my ideas changed?
How does SWH lab format
compare to traditional lab format?
What does the NRC
say about what students should do in Science Class?
SWH is an alternative to the
traditional laboratory experience

How Do I implement
SWH in my classroom?

1. Start small and don't get
2. Based on your science standards
and a lab that you already do, think
how you can redesign it to allow
it to fit template
3. Think through each step and how you
want students to engage in the process
4. Communicate with the students the
expectations and then try it!

How do I
implement SWH
in my classroom
Full transcript