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Presidential Nominations

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on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Presidential Nominations

Presidential Nominations
Presidential Primaries
Who is Nominated?
If a President wants another term the conventions choice is easy. When the president is not in field, up to a dozen contenders may surface but only two or three may survive.

The National Convention
After the Caucus there is another event
National convention, the meetings at which the delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice presidential candidates
Major Goals
1. Naming the party's presidential and vice-presidential candidates

2.Brining various faction and the leading personalities in the party together in one place for a common purpose.

3. Adopting the party's platform. It's formal statement of basic stands on major policy matters and objectives for the campaign and beyond.

Role of Conventions

Presidential Primaries
Depending on what State, a presidential primary is an election in which a party's voters will choose the delegates of State party organization and express the preferences for their party's presidential nomination

History of the Presidential Primaries
In the 1900's the Presidential Primary started in order to reform the movement aimed at the boss-dominated convention system.
In 1916 half of the states adopted the presidential primary laws.
In 1968 primaries were only found in 16 states and the District of Columbia.
A downward trend reversed in the 1970's
Presidential Nomination
Congressional Caucus was a method used in elections from 1800 to 1824, but it had a downfall from 1820 to 1832.

Convention Arrangements
There is no statutory law on presidential nominations. Many large cities bid for the honor of hosting a convention.

The Apportionment of Delegates
Each party has a certain number of delegates. Based on that states electoral vote. Both sides developed formulas.

Selection of Delegates
There are two campaigns for presidency. one is Republicans vs. Democrats. The Republican party leaves delegate selection up to it's state organizations and state law.
The presidential primary is set in two

1. The delegate- selection process

2. A candidate preference election.

There are two major difficulties
1. Each state has details of the delegate -selection process by state law.
2.The democratic parties reform efforts
The state laws are said to be confusing
Presidential nominations can become so crazy that both parties are made to settle more than six months before nationals conventions. Money and name recognition are a major part of the process. Most candidates, if they aren't well known build up from primary to primary. Bill Clinton did this in 1992. Now candidates par for campaigns
The candidates who win 15% get the Democratic delegates. If a candidate gets 45% they receive the support of 18 delegates. The Democrat's proportional representation rule is equally balancing the Democrat and Republican delegates, shaping the presidential primaries.

The preference primary gives results on which delegates will be picked. The preference primary is often called a "beauty contest". Presidential nominees must be listed on that party's ballot.
Proportional Representation
Evaluation of the Primary
Presidential primaries are vital and they play a major in deciding presidential nominations. Nominee's test candidacies in political fights. These arguments don't happen often because of; one, the president himself is seeking reelection and two he has given his backing to someone he favors for nomination.

Reform Proposals
Because of a great fatigue orchestrating presidential primaries together, critics believe that there should be one single, nation-wide presidential primary.
Other critics would rather have each party nominate their own presidential candidates.
In order for any plans to work, each would require joint action by congress, the states, and major parties.
The Caucus Convention Process
States don't hold Presidential Primaries.
Delegates in the national convention are chosen.
Voters meet at a caucus at precent level.
It it the oldest method for choosing delegates.
In 2008 1/4th came from a Caucus Convention process.
The First Two Days
The first day is dedicated to welcoming.
The second day has two major events, one the adoption of the party's platform and the delivery of the keynote address. The platform comes to the convention floor as a report by the committee on platform and resolutions. They set out a number of hard and fast stands in many policy areas.

The Last Two Days
On the third day the nomination of the party's candidates for president and Vice President. They then choose there choice. The third day session culminates the selection of the party's presidential candidate. Roll call is known as a ballot, and it continues till a contender wins.

The convention comes to the final major item on it's agenda the presidential candidates acceptance speech. This caps the Caucus and launches in to the election campaign

Political Experience
Candidates are usually well-known and are able to gain high seats.
Usually the larger states produce more of the president candidates.
The Senators are the prime source of president candidates.
Other Characteristics
The larger the states the more candidates they have.
The speakers ability enhances the probability of presidency.
Now days, television and the internet have changed the way of candidacy.
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