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A2 Sociology Crime and Deviance research methods lesson 2

Research methods in context

Amanda Lane

on 7 September 2015

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Transcript of A2 Sociology Crime and Deviance research methods lesson 2

Lesson Objective:
To know the main characteristics of crime and deviance as a context for sociological research.
Characteristics of crime and deviance include the following:
Violent crimes
White collar and corporate crime
Young offenders
Victims of crime
Societal reaction to crime and deviance
Domestic Violence
What are the problems with studying and researching domestic violence?
It is not a public offence
Cannot be observed
Interview data is difficult to validate
Under represented in official statistics
Information maybe confidential
Sensitive subject
Victims need to feel safe when being questioned.
Other violent crimes
Think of some examples of violent crime and the problems with researching them.
Violent crimes are usually opportunistic
Participant observation/covert can be danger-rouse!
Research in many cases has to be done retrospectively
Victims and perpetrators are less likely to speak openly.
Corporate crime
Think of examples of white collar crime and the problems associated with researching it.
Low public visibility
Some white collar crime is socially acceptable
Under represented by official crime statistics
Highly complex
Victims are unaware that they are victims
Young Offenders
What are the issues that arise with researching young people who commit crime?
academic under achievers
Imbalance of power between the offender and researcher
Difficult to sample
Covert & Participant observation difficult
Victims of crime
Victims are not always clear cut
Victimless crime
Hidden victims
Criminal Justice system
What aspects of the CJS might be researched?
'Canteen Culture'
Off-limit areas
Suspicious of researchers
The 'Professional' self
Access to high ranking members of staff difficult
Participant & covert observations are almost impossible
Research not representative (prisons)
The Hawthorne effect
Societal reaction
What aspects of sociology does this area of investigation look at?
media messages are interpreted differently
Difficult to pinpoint origin of panic
unreliable data
Data cannot be representative
What problems are encountered when studying suicide?
Can only question failed attempts
Difficulty accepting suicide verdict
Coroners are inconsistent
There are certain barriers that effect how well particular types of crime are researched.
Highlights that PET runs through all aspects of research.
Full transcript