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Transcript of septicemia
Incidence and Prevalence
Treatment and Prevention
by Group 4
Sepsis is not spread from person to person, although the pathogens that can cause sepsis may be spread among people, both directly and indirectly.
Prevention is the best treatment
Use of aseptic techniques during invasive procedures
Minimize hospital stay
Removal of indwelling catheters and IV access as soon as they are not needed
Patients receiving ventilatory assistance who no longer require it are weaned off
Take ALL antibiotics prescribed
Patients receive oxygen and intravenous fluids to maintain oxygen sat. and blood pressure
Some patients may require mechanical ventilation or kidney dialysis
Depending on the infecting agent, doctors can select the most appropriate medication
Septicemia is an infection in the bloodstream which can lead to sepsis if left untreated. So, it is very important to seek for medical help when you develop these symptoms:
Whole body: low blood pressure, chills, dizziness, fatigue, fever, flushing, low body temperature, or shivering
Cognitive: altered level of consciousness or mental confusion
Respiratory: fast breathing or shortness of breath
Also common: delirium, fast heart rate, insufficient urine production, organ dysfunction, skin discoloration, or sleepiness
Septicemia also called bacteremia is a blood poisoning disease
Even though the disease has been around for centuries, it was during the 19th century when the experts finally called it septicemia
It is a polymicrobial infection where gram-positive and gram negative bacteria, fungal infection, urinary tract infection, lung and kidney infection can contribute to the development of the disease
When a bacterial infection from skin or lungs enter the bloodstream, it will then travel throughout all organs, causing a systemic infection.
Krista O'Connell-Jacquelyn Cafasso - http://www.healthline.com/health/septicemia#overview1
(2017). Retrieved from Center for Disease Control: www.cdc.gov/sepsis/datareports/index.html
"Common Drugs and Medications to Treat Sepsis Caused by Bacteria." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 19 June 2017.