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382 - The "Globalization" Debate(s)
Transcript of 382 - The "Globalization" Debate(s)
IR 382 - Shannon Gibson, Ph.D.
What is "Globalization"?
= increased cross-border relations
= neoliberal-capitalism @ global level
= sharing of cultures, identities; homogenization
= specifically American-driven
= reconfiguration of social geography
Scholte's Assessment of Options:
"Globalization is a shift in the nature of social space."
Scholte's Definition of Globalization
1. Intimations of Globalization: 15th - 19th Century
2. Incipient Globalization: to mid-20th century
3. Contemporary Accelerated Globalization: 1950s-today
Eras of Globalization
Need to focus on the elements of
= shifts in frequency, scope and depth
- connections transcend territorial geography
Five Elements of Defining
Recognize political bias
Clearness & precision
Scholte's Take Aways:
Today's globalization is not a re-run of earlier eras
Today is about qualitative differences
Shouldn't overstate globalization
Is not inevitable or linear
Responses to Globalization
Effects of Globalization