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382 - The "Globalization" Debate(s)

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Shannon Gibson

on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of 382 - The "Globalization" Debate(s)

The "Globalization" Debate(s)
IR 382 - Shannon Gibson, Ph.D.
What is "Globalization"?
Internationalization
= increased cross-border relations
Liberalization
= neoliberal-capitalism @ global level
Universalization
= sharing of cultures, identities; homogenization
Westernization
= specifically American-driven
Respatialization
= reconfiguration of social geography
Scholte's Assessment of Options:
"Globalization is a shift in the nature of social space."
Scholte's Definition of Globalization
1. Intimations of Globalization: 15th - 19th Century
2. Incipient Globalization: to mid-20th century
3. Contemporary Accelerated Globalization: 1950s-today
Political
Economic
Environmental
Technological
Socio-cultural
Eras of Globalization
Need to focus on the elements of
qualitative
change:
Transplanetary relations
= shifts in frequency, scope and depth
Supraterritoriality
- connections transcend territorial geography
Five Elements of Defining
Advance knowledge
Recognize political bias
Accept relativity
Accept maleability
Clearness & precision
"Analytical Culs-de-sac"
Internationalization
Liberalization
Universalization
Westernization
Scholte's Take Aways:
Today's globalization is not a re-run of earlier eras
Today is about qualitative differences
Shouldn't overstate globalization
Is not inevitable or linear
Neoliberalist
Responses to Globalization
Rejectionist
Reformist
Transformist
Normative Debates
Equality
Democracy
Security
Effects of Globalization
Technical(ish) Debates
Production
Governance
Identity
Knowledge
Full transcript