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Transcript of SOUTH AFRICA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Melissa Miranda, Thomas Tokmenko, Emily Mikesell, Steven Hause
Lingering Effects of Apartheid
South Africa Background
If you believe in God, then you must also believe in forgiveness
Official name: Republic of South Africa
1910- Union of South Africa established
Population: 51.77 million
Key industries: Mining, automobile assembly, metal-working, textiles
1948- Afrikaner National Party won general election under slogan "apartheid"
April 1994- first democratic election. Nelson Mandela elected President
Current President- Jacob Zuma
African National Congress current ruling party
Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Java Rice Finch
Birds in Literature
Trapped, like a bird in a cage
a mystical connection between heaven and earth
A symbol of freedom
Another Trapped Bird
"My freedom is in your hands"
I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
Born July 18, 1918 as Rolihlahla Mandela
Joined the African National Congress in 1942
August 1952- established South Africa’s first black law firm with Oliver Tambo, Mandela and Tambo.
Born October 7,1931
1961- ordained priest
1975- first Black Anglican Dean of Johannesburg
July,11 1976- named Bishop of Lesotho
1978- General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches
1983- elected Patron of the United Democratic Front
1984- Nobel Peace Prize
1986-1996- First black Archbishop of Cape Town
1994- Truth and Reconciliation Commission established and Tutu named chair
“How do I know it wasn’t you? Or Zuko? You ever think of that? No, no, no, no, no, cause it’s always so easy to blame the white man, when everything F**** out in your miserable life.”
“The hotel is not a place for people like us.”
1956- arrested for treason. Acquitted in 1961
1960- Police open fire on unarmed peaceful protesters.
1961- first leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe ("Spear the Nation")
June 11,1964- sentenced to life in prison
February 11, 1990 released from prison
1993- Won Nobel Peace Prize
1994-1999- first black President of South Africa
December 5, 2013- died of lung infection
Paul the Apostle and Judas Iscariot
explores both reconciliation and revenge and reveals the bitter fruit of not forgiving. In storing up hatred and choosing revenge we deny not only the humanity of the perpetrator, we stunt our own humanity as well."
-Western genre & anti-hero protagonist
-Amnesty = forgiveness?
-Psychology of revenge
"Let us remember there can be no salvation, without the light of the truth."
Established in 1995 by the newly elected parliament
and endorsed by Nelson Mandela
The idea of a TRC was being discussed by 50+
organizations including but not limited to victims, human rights, lawyers, and the religious community
Purpose of the TRC
Tasked with investigating human rights
violations from 1960-1994
Investigated multiple factors that
contributed to the violations that
~Compiled final report~
Over 22,000 statements were received
About 1,500 amnesties were granted
The TRC was geared more towards victims than perpetrators
Best of the TRC
Openness & Transparency
The media played a large role in providing an open and transparent platform for the TRC
Allowed people at home to became more historically aware of what has happened through television and newspapers
South Africa's Gotta Work it
Those in the higher ranks of the military did not work with the TRC
Foot soldiers and security forces were the ones facing shame
There were few prosecutions against those who did not apply for amnesty
Lack of prosecution disillusioned people