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FROM EMPIRE TO COMMONWEALTH
Transcript of FROM EMPIRE TO COMMONWEALTH
From Empire to Commonwealth
- The British Empire
- First Empire
- Second Empire
- From Empire to Commonwealth
- 'What do you think ?'
The British Empire
- From 1583 to 1926
- English as universal language
- Biggest colonial empire in history
- Peak : 1920
-> Covered over a quarter of the world's
-> 25% under British rule
- Queen Victoria as head figure
->'The empire on which the sun never sets'
The First Empire
- From 1583 to 1783
- Settlers colonized new territories
- Influential chartered companies were
-> Sources of raw materials (e.g.: oil, cotton)
-> Markets for manufactured goods
-> Colonies developed
- Economical importance
- Controlled by the crown
- Controlled by the parliament (from1760)
- 13 colonies got independent
The Second Empire
- From 1783 to 1926
- Victories over Napoleonic Wars
-> Further influence and possesions
- Economic and political developments
- Abolition of slave trade and slavery
('slave trade act' 1807 and 'slavery abolition act' 1833)
-> More efficient colonial administration
-> Better communication
- Self-government for dominions (Canada, South-Africa,
Australia and New Zealand)
- Crown colony system had developed
From Empire to Commonwealth
The Commonwealth of Nations
Territory British Empire
Member states of the CoN
The Commonwealth today
What do you think ?
>> Is the Commonwealth
of Nations a bit 'outdated'
or is it still sensible ? <<
- Coalition of independent states
- Head: Queen Elizabeth II.
- 53 member states
-> Original members: United
New Zealand, South Africa,
Ireland, and Newfoundland
- Founded on 11. December 1931 in Westminster
(officially on 28. April 1949 in the 'Declaration of
Wikipedia, Google Bilder
- Dominions -> First origin of decolonialization
- 1926 -> First idea of 'British Commonwealth of
Nations' at the Imperial Conference
-> Every state it's own government
-> Independent from Great Britain in politics
-> Connection and loyalty to the crown
- 1931 -> Adjudicated rights for dominions
- Observed rights since the middle of the forties
- Modern Commonwealth since 1949
-> New device: 'Wealth of Nations'
-> Name: 'Commonwealth of Nations'
- Queen is the head of the state but doesn't reign (representative)
- While war they support each other
- They discuss important political and economical questions
- Worldwide contact
- Bringing countries together, links people of different cultures
- No common defense
- Lack of army, trade agreements, common views
- Misbehavior of newly independent rulers, question of migration
- No binding effect of the declarations