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Transcript of Tibet-China conflict
Tibets Conflict with China
Tibet-China conflict rooted in historic controversy
China claims that Tibet has been under Chinese rule since the Mongol Yuan dynasty conquered Tibet in the 13th century
During the Qing dynasty (1644-1912), China maintained control over Tibet by sending a Chinese administrator, called an Amban, to oversee political affairs. However, the country was still officially under the leadership of the Dalai Lama.
Dalai Lama desires shared power
Many Tibet nationalists want complete independence
Major tragedy- self immolating
no plans of giving up Tibet
economic reasons: abundance of fresh water sources and mining potential
nationalist reasons: China is rising as a super power, and freeing Tibet would weaken its reputation
would create a domino effect of provinces seeking independence
1) Middle Approach: Tibet and China have shared power. China will likely refuse because if the Dalai Lama returns, there is a greater change for the people to demand independence
2) USA as third party: America should use diplomacy tactics to negotiate
(in Chinese and Tibetan)
Likely result: Tibet will not be receiving complete independence any time in the near future
The question is: why?
In the 18th century, the Qing Dynasty began to weaken. By the early 20th century, Tibet was only a part of China by name
Qing dynasty fell in 1912, Qing officials officially surrendered Tibet. 13th Dalai Lama (been in exile since 1906) returned to rule the country
October 1950, Communist China under Mao invaded Tibet in order to reestablish Chinese sovereignty in the region (claimed he was "saving" the Tibetans from their backwards society and feudal class structure)
The 14th Dalai Lama fled Tibet in 1959, and has been living in exile in Northern India.
Serves as head of Central Tibetan Administration (a.k.a. Tibetan government in Exile)
China established the Tibet Autonomous Region in 1965. It is an official province of China.
What can SLS do?
We can raise awareness and money by doing sponsored walks and fund raisers.