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BRITISH INVASION

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by

Rodjie Lord Magalonga

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of BRITISH INVASION

WHY THE BRITISH CAME?
The British invaded the Philippines as part of the Seven Years War (1756-1763).
The two leading opponent in this war were Britain and France.
Arrival of the British Invaders
Surrender of Manila to British.
The Looting Of Manila
Historical Values
CHAPTER 12:
BRITISH INVASION
The Clashed in Europe , in America, and in Asia. France was supported by Spain because the Spanish King who was also From the Bourbon Family.
Thus, the Philippines, a colony of Spain, was dragged into the Seven Years War of the Big Power in Europe...
The british invasion of the Philippines was planned from India by the British East India Company.
Then British expedition had 13 ships and 6,830 men (British and Indian Troops).
The Commander were Admiral Samuel Cornish and General William Draper.
On the Evening of September 22, 1762, the british fleet entered MANILA BAY.
On the morning of September 23, two british officer under a flag of truce went ashore and entered MANILA.
Immediately, General Draper ordered the attack of Manila.
The British Troops landed at Malate and occupied the areas of Ermita, Malate, and Bagumbayan (Luneta) around Intramuros
Manila was not in a position to fight the enemy. The spanish officials were caught by surprise, and they did not have enough troops or arms to defend the city.
Two attempts by the Spanish defender to save the city failed.
One was led by Cesar Fallet, a French soldier-of-fortune, who led some Filipino-Spanish troops
On the night of October 4, part of the city walls facing luneta was blown open by the british cannons.
as the battle raged, panic spread among the people. Many People were killed in the streets and houses
To put a Stop to horrible killing, Archbishop Rojo raised the white flag of surrender at Fort Santiago on October 5, 1762, thus the Manila fell to the British invaders
After the surrender of Manila of the British invaders, a horrible thins happened
For more than 30 hrs, the wild soldiers went into private homes and public building and they stole precious art, valuables and anything else they wanted.
They burned 400 houses in Tondo and Binondo
they opened even the graves of important official including those of legazpi and Salcedo, in San Agustin Church
the Outrageous looting of Manila on October 6 and 7, 1762 shocked the people because it was the first of its kind.
the memory of this Tragic event is still preserved in the historical marker at San Agustin Church in Intramuros.
Because many Philippine treasures were stolen and taken abroad by the british ,
The Stolen wealth in cash and valuable treasure was worth P1,000,000.
Three Governors General in the Philippines
The Acting Spanish governor General
Archbishop Antonio Manuel Rojo
He surrendered the philippines
He claimed to be the real leader of the defeated Spanish forces and residents
He died on January 30 1764
Dawsonne Drake
The British governor who was appointed by the British East India Company
assisted by legislative body called the Manila Council
The First British Governor
Simon De Anda
The Rebel governor general
He escaped from Manila and went into hiding at Bacolor, Pampanga.
He Continued the fight against the british with an army of volunteers
He allied the Filipinos in the provinces to the side of Spain.
End of British Invasion
While the Spaniards and the British were fighting in the Philippines, The Seven Years War ended in Europe. The European Big Powers signed the TREATY OF PARIS on February 10 , 1763 to end the war.
there was no telegraph or telephone at that time news did not reach the philippines until the next year, 1764/
May 31 , 1764, the rebel leader Anda and his troops made their triumphant entry into Manila to the cheers of the people, the statue of guns and the sound of music.
the british had occupied the Philippines for a year and a half.
1. The British Opened the Philippines to the outside World.
2. The Defeat of the Spaniards by he British invaders destroyed the image of Spanish power.
The British Introduced the English language and free local elections in the Philippines
4. The British brought their lively music and dances.
5. Some Social Customs and dress came the British.
6. The British founded the first Masonic lodge in the philippines
7. Many Indian soldier (Called Sepoya) deserted the british army and settled in the philippines
8. The British Occupied the island of Balambangan, which is between palawan and borneo.
Thank you!!! <3 <3 <3
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