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Transcript of Babylonian empire
Babylon was the most powerful city in the world at their time.
Also, it was the largest city in the world.Babylon was the capital
city & center of the Babylonian Empire.
Some of the specialized workers were,scribes who kept records, priests pray & control zigguraut, farmers that grew crops, merchants sold items & artisians made crafts.
The Babylonian Empire rose to power when Ur fell.
300 foot high Zigguraut
Nebuchadnezzar had a moat built around the city of Babylon for defense. That must have been quite a sight in the desert!
All that remains of the city of Babylon is a mound of broken mud buildings about 55 miles south of Baghdad, Iraq.
Alexander the Great captured Babylon as part of his conquests. He was staying in the city when he got sick and died.
The city has been rebuilt or reconstructed in Iraq. The actual ruins and artifacts are likely buried under the reconstruction.
Scribes always kept records.
Eric Richmond, George Gurnack
and Matthew Li
Nebuchadnezzar II built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. This was a large series of terraces that rose to around 75 feet high.
Hammurabi called on his ally of Larsa to help and then he gathered his army to fight the Elamites.
Marduk - Marduk was the primary god of the Babylonians and had Babylon as his main city. He was considered the supreme deity over all the other gods. He had as many as 50 different titles. He was sometimes pictured with his pet dragon.
Nergal - God of the underworld, Nergal was an evil god who brought war and famine on the people. His city was Kuthu.
Tiamat - Goddess of the sea, Tiamat is drawn as a huge dragon. Marduk defeated her in battle.
Shamash - The Babylonian version of Utu
Ea - Same as Enki
The Babylonian civilization, which endured from the 18th until the 6th century BC, was, like the Sumerian that preceded it, urban in character, although based on agriculture rather than industry. The country consisted of a dozen or so cities, surrounded by villages and hamlets. At the head of the political structure was the king, a more or less absolute monarch who exercised legislative and judicial as well as executive powers. Under him was a group of appointed governors and administrators. Mayors and councils of city elders were in charge of local administration.
Hammurabi was the king of ancient
Babylon. He believed the code of law
was fair. He watched over many things
such as agriculture, irragation canals
and other things. His name Hammurabi
meant. He was born on 1810 bc and he died on 1750 bc.
Rise of the empire
Babylon began to rise at
1792 bc when Hammurabi
took the throne.
Fall of Babylon
In 1595, the city of Babylon fell. Kassites
conquered Babylon because Hammurabi's
sons grew weak. But a new empire came called the neo Babylonians...