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Alexander the Great
Transcript of Alexander the Great
The Greeks thought they could take over Macedonia because Alexander was so young.
Well prepared- Captured city of Thebes (destroyed)
After Greeks accepted his leadership, launched war against Persia
They camped on the plain where Homer's warriors fought at Troy
Freed Greek cities in Asia from Persian rule and defeated Persia
Conquered Syria, Phoenicia, took over Egypt- crowned pharaoh
Conquered the Indus River Valley
I am not afraid of an army of lions led by sheep, I'm afraid of an army of sheep led by lions.
Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia
Alexander's Conquests pg. 267
Bucephalus was captured while they were conquering places in Asia.
Sent out messengers who announced that if the horse wasn't brought back unharmed, the Greeks would destroy every village in the region
He was returned to Alexander and he names one of his cities after him
His soldiers grew tired and homesick- headed back toward home
Conquered the largest empire the world had ever known
Died on the way back- mystery
He created a HUGE empire:
EUROPE, ASIA, and AFRICA!!!
He spread culture to all of these lands
A new civilization arose from the blend of Greek and Asian cultures called the Hellenistic Age
After Alexander’s death 3 generals divided his empire
Hellenistic culture spread
New cities were founded throughout the empire
The cities became centers of Greek culture.
Trade grew between the Hellenistic cities and far-off parts of the world
was a city in Egypt (1 million people)
-Became the greatest center of trade and learning
-Had the busiest port of its time
-Had a great library
Friday, March 27, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
King Philip and Alexander
Discovery and Inventions
Took advantage of the quarrels among the Greek city-states
Formed powerful army
338 B.C. - controlled Greece
Wanted to invade Asia- still ruled by the Persian Empire
Murdered in 336 B.C.
1. During the Hellenistic Age, Greek science and mathematics peaked
– "Father of medicine"– looked for natural causes of disease
–famous inventor and mathematician –discoveries about levers
and improved pulleys, murdered by a Roman soldier
– a mathematician whose ideas about numbers led
to the study of geometry (important theories about music as well.)
-Started a school that led to the development of geometry
– most important mathematician of his time – students
today still study his system of plane geometry
Alexander the Great
Buildings in ancient Greece are remembered for their great beauty.
Many buildings featured columns
Ox-drawn carts carried the huge limestone or marble blocks
Carved using hammers and mallets
The columns were held together by metal pegs
They were lifted into position with ropes and pulleys
Doric- sturdy and plain
Ionic- thinner and more elegant
Corinthian- more elaborate