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Transcript of AFrica
History of Africa
Who?: Ibn Battuta explored and found Africa.
What?: Medieval Africa was continent that was very wealthy from trade.
When?: Approximately 500-1600C.E.
Where?: A continent near Italy, Spain, and England and in between the South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Why?: They had an abundance of gold which every country needed at the time.
How?: It was where the first excistance of humans was dicovered.
kings relied on help from advisors called the council of ministers
divided into provinces after growth of empire ruled by lesser kings
nobody could trade without permission of the king
people lived in extended families
griots taught oral history, skills needed as adults to children
men controlled rights of the women
important woman rulers: Queen Nzinga, Queen Dahia al-Kahina
trade made Africa extremely rich
Niger River helped civilization thrive
Medieval Africa (Chapter 3B)
By: Christopher Buell, Gage Barclay,
Kyle Wu, and Maxwell Panec
West Africa had an enormous amount of power due to:
a large surplus of GOLD
was in the center of trade centers
protected trade routes which encouraged merchants to come
Ghana made traders pay taxes when they came in and out of their kingdom
Art: cave paintings show Africans doing chores, hunting, or dancing which usually had a religious use
They wore kente cloth for clothes
Music/Dance: Africans used it to express religious feelings through an everyday task
What They Traded
Nomads traded salt, meat, and knowledge as guides for cloth, cereal, and slaves
The Africans gave the Europeans textiles, carvings, spices, ivory, gum, gold, ebony, and African Slaves
Who they traded with
The Africans didn't just trade with themselves they also traded with other civilizations, for example they traded with the Europeans and the Muslims
caravan routes were routes in which a company of travelers travel to get to other countries
Trade influenced the trans-Saharan caravan route because West Africa needed to trade with the North
The caravan route was able to make Africa less isolated
What Africans received
The Europeans gave the Africans copper, iron, and shells
Some Africans wanted other things: jewelry, beads, mechanical toys, and alcohol
When the Muslims traded with Africans the religion Islam spread through Africa
Instruments: drums, banjos, whistles, horns, and flutes
Religion: Islam brought by Ibn Battuta
The Africans were very wealthy in gold
influenced by trade
adapted same kind of government
had a lot of gold
art helped the kingdom become wealthy
major trade ports were Timbuktu, Djenne and Gao.
traded gold for salt
protected trade routes
"Africa." Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015. <http://www.africanculturalcenter.org/>.
Boddy-Evans, Alistair. "An Overview of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade." N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. <http://africanhistory.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm>.
Bower, Bert, and Jim Lobdell. History Alive! Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 2005. Print.
"Fact Monster™ from Information Please ®." Fact Monster: Online Almanac, Dictionary, Encyclopedia, and Homework Help. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2015
Spielvogel, Jackson J. Discovering Our Past:Medieval and Early Modern times. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
"The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Home." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015. <http://www.metmuseum.org/>.
"The Online Reference Guide to African American History." | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.
Purpose of Trading Gold For Salt
The amount of trade that going on with gold, salt, food,and slaves was big
Trade between those items was big and Africans wanted to trade them across the Sahara
They made Trans Saharan caravans to cross they Sahara desert so the could trade with people above the Saharan easy
So the trade with gold, salt, food, and slaves influenced the Africans to make Trans Saharan caravans
To West Africans Gold was worth virtually nothing
Gold was just trading material with the North Africans and the Europeans
Salt was very rare in West Africa
Salt is a very important part to the diet
They would trade gold for salt with North Africa
A Trick to Remember
Ghana comes before Mali and Mali comes after Ghana. Mali comes before Shanghi and Shanghi comes after Mali
G for Ghana comes before M for Mali and M for Mali comes before S for Shanghi
So if you can remember that G comes before M and M comes before S you can remember Ghana comes before Mali and Shanghi comes last
What things are confused with
One thing that people get confused with is Ghana, Mali, and Shanghi
Another thing people get confused with is the different sides of Africa like West and East and North and South had what goods for example West Africa has a bunch of gold but that can be mistaken with salt because Africa had a lot of salt and gold