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Copy of Sigmund Freud's Ideas of the Id, Ego, and Superego
Transcript of Copy of Sigmund Freud's Ideas of the Id, Ego, and Superego
of the Id, Ego, and Superego
The Id doesn't really care about reality or the needs of anyone else, but rather its own satisfaction; the id is our selfish tendencies
Introduction to Sigmund Freud
The Ego understands that
other people have needs and desires
. The Ego also understands that being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run.
The Ego's job is to meet the needs of the Id, while taking into consideration the realities of the world.
The Ego functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind.
The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--
our sense of right and wrong
The superego emerges at around age five.
There are two parts of the superego: the ego ideal and the conscience.
The ego ideal includes the rules and standards for good behaviors.
These behaviors include those which are approved of by parental and other authority feelings.
Obeying these rules leads to feelings of pride, value, and accomplishment.
The conscience includes information about things that are viewed as bad by parents and society.
These behaviors are often forbidden and lead to bad consequences, punishments, or feelings of guilt and remorse
If the superego becomes too strong, the person would be driven by rigid morals, would be judgemental, and unbending in his or her interactions with the world.
It has been implied that the Superego represents a father figure and cultural regulations. The Superego also aims for perfection, and contradicts completely with Id.
Id is derived from the Latin word "it" and borrowed from the work of physician Georg Groddeck.
He is often considered the father of psychoanalysis. He is best known for his tendency to trace nearly all psychological problems back to sexual issues.
While many of his theories have been controversial, his work forms a major portion of the fundamentals of modern psychology, with considerable modification by later theories.
Originally, Freud was trained in neuroscience, and was a physician in Vietnam. His introduction to psychology was through mentally ill patients, which led him to develop the theory of the human mind and behavior.
Sigmund Freud was inspired by Charles Darwin.
How does this relate to The Lord of the Flies?
He has the desire to kill and hunt, but does not think of the consequences. He also has a desire for power.
He brings a balance of the id's desires and the superego's moderations.
When the boys first arrive on the island, Piggy tells Ralph to call a meeting to get organized by blowing the conch. Piggy reveals that he does not know how to blow one because, “My auntie wouldn’t let me on account of my asthma” (16). This shows that he believes in the rules taught by society
As newborns, we are born
with the Id - the first
component of our personality.
The Id is entirely
unconscious and includes our instinctive and primal behaviors.
The Id supplies the energy for the developement and continued functioning of mental life.
The Id ensures that our
basic needs are met.
The Id is driven by the pleasure
principle: it wants whatever it feels
at the time with no sense of reality
or a present situation.
The Id also includes:
the drive to create:
the sex drive to make life
the death drive:
instincts of destruction, shown through aggression
The second part of a
child's personality is the ego.
This develops from the Id after
about three years.
The ego operates on the reality principle: satisfy the id's desires in socially and realistic ways.
It weighs the costs and benefits
of an action before it carries out said action.
When a newborn is hungry, the Id wants food, therefore the child cries
When the child is too hot, cold, in pain, etc., the Id speaks up for the child
When the Id wants something, nothing else is important to it until all needs are met
Complex human behaviors are
theorized by Sigmund Freud's
three elements of personality
known as the id, ego, and superego.
The ego will allow
the id's behavior in the
appropriate time and place.
If not, tension is created between
Freud viewed the brain as an iceberg, where most thoughts were beneath the surface of the water (in the area of the unconscious)