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Math in Medicine by Sarah Oliver
Transcript of Math in Medicine by Sarah Oliver
by Sarah Oliver
Other math used can include geometry and statistics.
www.ehow.com › Careers & Work
A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in surgical procedures of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. Some of these procedures include balloon angioplasty, open heart surgery, bypass surgery and heart transplants. A cardiac or cardiovascular surgeon could treat: Coronary artery disease or blockages of the arteries in the heart, blockages in the heart valves, leaking heart valves, abnormal enlargement or aneurysms of the large arteries in the chest, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. They can also be called cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular surgeons, general thoracic surgeons, and congenital heart surgeons. These surgeons use math on a daily basis, so anyone pursuing this specialty should have strong math skills.
Types of Math Used
Several types of math are used by cardiac surgeons.
When determining the amount of medication a patient needs, the surgeon uses basic math to determine drug dosage based on body weight.
Heart surgeons who perform medical research use statistics extensively to record their research data.
Some cardiac tests ordered by heart surgeons require the use of math to interpret the results. During an echocardiogram, for example, an ultrasound technologist uses a transducer to produce images of the heart. These images show abnormalities such as an enlarged heart or heart defects.
The cardiac surgeon uses math to measure the size of any tears, perforations or defects in the heart muscle.
Cardiac surgeons who run a private practice also use business math on a regular basis.
Stats are used by cardiothoracic surgeons get a better understanding of information and to show them things such as the possibility of surgical failure and how things have progressed over time.
There are numerous instances where doctors have to apply mathematical skills/tools into their job. Whether you are a surgeon, physician or nurse, working with medicine and going into any part of the medical field will require you to have strong mathematical and analytical skills.
I am not completely sure what specific field I will end up specializing in, considering it usually changes along the way, but i have chosen one to talk about that has caught my interest.
Different lessons in algebra are used such as fractions, ratios, conversions, inequalities, percents and proportions.
Cardiovascular surgeons are constantly observing and collecting data from numerous tables, structures and screens. They are using clinically obtained investigations and imaging to construct mathematical models of the entire cardiovascular system to assess local and global effects of the various surgical treatments of single ventricle hearts, and to understand the impact of the altered circulation on postoperative physiology in a patient-specific manner.
Below is an example of a popular formula used to calculate a patient's cardiac output.
Many proportions and conversions are used in formulas to calculate different health statistics.
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Doctor’s Order (D) x quantity(Q) = individual dosage to be administered
Supply on Hand (H)
Short version: D/H x Q = one dosage
The doctor’s order and the supply on hand also must be in the same unit of measure, such as
grams (g), milligrams (mg), and milliliters (mL).
They analyze models such as this one, to learn more about the heart and how to make their surgery more successful. This is a mathematical model of geometry and fibrous structure of the heart. developed a mathematical representation of ventricular geometry and muscle fiber organization using three-dimensional finite elements referred to a prolate spheroid coordinate system. The geometry was represented by a 24-element ensemble with 41 nodes. Measured fiber fields were also fitted (RMS error less than 17 degrees) with a 60-element, 99-node mesh obtained by subdividing the 24-element mesh.
Proportions and conversions are also used when prescribing a patient's prescription.