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Japanese Occupation of Malaya
Transcript of Japanese Occupation of Malaya
By Sim Yi Tao, 9G, 9/10 MAL
A. Japanese Military Government
iv. The success factors of Japanese invasion of Malaya
On 15 August 1945 Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address to the Empire announcing acceptance the terms for ending the war that the Allies had set down. Japanese forces in Malaya surrendered to the Allies firstly at Penang on 4 September 1945 aboard HMS Nelson then, after the Singapore surrender, at Kuala Lumpur on 13 September 1945. On 12 September 1945, the British Military Administration (BMA) was installed in Kuala Lumpur. This was followed by the signing of the Malaya surrender document at Kuala Lumpur by Lieutenant-General Teizo Ishiguro
i. The arrival of the Japanese in Malaya
The Japanese Takeover of Malaya was dubbed as one of the worst military disasters of the British. The Invasion began on the 8th of December 1941 and ended on the 31st of January 1942 following the fall of Singapore on the 15th of February.
ii. How the Japanese Military Advance into Malaya
The invasion force set sail on December 4th and on December 7th, The Japanese III Air Group arrived at the air base at Singora and used it to attack other RAF bases in northern Malaya.
Shortly after midnight on December 8th, men from the 8th Indian infantry Brigade based in Kota Bharu spotted 3 large ships and were shelled by them. Even though rough weather and sea caused some small landing craft to capsize, drowning some japanese soldiers but despite that, the japanese captured the beach head of Kota Bharu and the air base as well, forcing british forces to withdraw.
By 10th of December the Japanese had advanced into the Kedah Province and by December 12th, the town of Jitra had been taken. On December 17th, General Percival decided to hold a line of troops at the Perak river but was broken down on December 26th. By January 7th, the Japanese also crossed the Slim river.
On January 11th, the Japanese arrived into Kuala Lumpur and the British formed a 3rd defensive line at the Muar river but was broken down. By 31st January, the only possible plan left was to destroy the causeway that linked Singapore and Malaysia as Malaysia was taken by the Japanese.
iii. The destruction of the war in Malaya
Through the war, British Air Bases were bombed by Japanese planes. Penang then a British island garrison, suffered devastating aerial bombardments and finally fell to invading Japanese forces on 19 December 1941 as the British withdrew to Singapore after declaring George Town an open city. Penang under Japanese occupation was marked by widespread fear, hunger, and massacres. The Causeway that goes between Singapore via Malaya was blown up in the process by the British to slow down the invasion forces.
British Royal Engineers blowing up bridge
Malaya was a major prize for the Japanese. It produces 38% of the world's rubber and 58% of the world's tin. Singapore (which was part of Malaysia back then) was prized as a valuable military base in the area and to minimize British authority in the area as well.
v. Government Policies, benificial to the Japanese
vi. Reaction of the Malayan People