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Richard Nixon and Joseph McCarthy

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Sean Taylor

on 18 January 2016

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Transcript of Richard Nixon and Joseph McCarthy

Why Mr. Miller Spits when he sees Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon and Joseph McCarthy
The Rabid Dogs of HUAC
By Sean Taylor
and Brendan Eaglen
Origins of McCarthyism
McCarthyism began well before Senator Joseph McCarthy moved into his space in history, and its origins are complicated. Much of it was centered around fear and anxiety within the Republican Party's reactionary fringe. The movement began with no name in the 1920's in correlation to the rise of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, out of which communism emerged as a prominent political party. In response to this, the first Red Scare, civil liberties were strictly curtailed by the Espionage and Sedition Acts, especially free speech
Their Political Careers after HUAC
Actions Taken
Government employees, the entertainment industry, educators, and union activists were the primary targets of this McCarthyist committee. Often the evidence was inconclusive, over exaggerated, questionable, and even outright fabricated.
Reasoning
Both men were motivated by political gain and possibly personal insecurities. The men working under them were convinced of Nixon and McCarthy's presumably shared convictions, others were simply fearful of being accused of having Communist ties.
Richard Nixon
In the Election of 1960, Nixon lost a very close election with John F. Kennedy and Senate Majority Leader Johnson. Due, in part, to his over-reliance on his experience as a politician and of his actions with HUAC with Senator McCarthy. after the election. He later won the election of 1968 and 1972, accomplishing many things beneficial to the U.S. before the Watergate scandal and becoming the first POTUS to ever resign from the office.
Joseph McCarthy
On December 2, 1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion. McCarthy died at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland on May 2, 1957, at the age of 48. The official cause of death was acute hepatitis; it is widely accepted that this was caused or exacerbated by alcoholism.
People were imprisoned or dismissed from their jobs. Most verdicts were later overturned, most dismissals later declared illegal, and some laws used to convict later declared unconstitutional.
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