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Transcript of Tornadoes
How is it formed?
Tornadoes are created when warm air from a dark cloud mixes with cold air from the Earth's surface in a cyclonic fashion. An area of low pressure is created at surface level, pulling the cyclone/vortex down towards the surface. This spinning vortex of air is capable of destroying almost anything in it's path.
The April 25 to April 28, 2011 tornado outbreak was the largest tornado outbreak ever recorded.
The outbreak affected the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States, leaving catastrophic destruction in its wake.
In total, 348 people were killed as a result of the outbreak.
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Where do they form?
The majority of tornadoes in the United States occur in a place known as the tornado valley, right in the center of the US. In the tornado valley, cold air flows down from the Northeast, and is met by warm, moist air rising from the Southeast, creating ideal conditions for forming tornadoes.
Tornadoes can cause extreme damage to anything in their path both living things and structures. When a building is hit directly by a tornado, there is usually little to nothing left because the powerful winds tear it apart over time. The raw materials such as metal and wood are quickly turned into deadly shrapnel when they are flung at high speeds.
2011 Tornado Outbreak
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Types of Tornadoes
All Tornadoes form the same way, but many of them pick up different debris.
They are known as:
Waterspout (Water Tornado)
Landspout (Land Tornado)
Fire Whirl (Fire Tornado)
"Dust Devil" (Dirt Tornado)
Tornadoes during the Outbreak
358 Tornadoes were recorded during the outbreak
A tornado is a rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud in the sky. They are also known as Cyclones or Twisters. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, but they are typically in the form of a visible funnel, whose narrow end touches the earth and is often encircled by debris and dust.
Tornadoes in 2013
So far, there have been 128 tornadoes in 2013. These tornadoes have so far killed only two people
Although I have never personally been in a tornado, my dad has been in three. He grew up in Rushenville, Alabama where they all happened. One caused a tree to fall over and destroyed his house. Another destroyed his uncle's brick house, leaving nothing left. This was later categorized as an F5, the most powerful type, bearing 261-318 mph wind speeds.
When these took place, he was the smallest child in the family and would often be instructed by his mother to follow his older brothers and sisters down to his aunts house, in case a tornado looked like it was going to hit the house. He nicknamed the area where he lived, "tornado valley" because every year, a tornado would come close to or hit the house with or without him inside it. He says that when inside a tornado it sounds like a train.
Here are some ways you can prepare for a tornado:
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Own a basement. -
Although tornadoes can tear a house to pieces, they cannot tear through a basement. A good tornado basement has 2 things:
>2 exits so that if one is blocked by debris, you always have another
>lots of food and water for if you are trapped
If you are trapped in tornado unprepared, or you don't have a cellar, here's what you do:
Grab whatever family members you want to keep and head into a small room, preferably a closet, in the center of your house. Keep far away from glass as glass can be quickly transformed by the tornado into the equivalent of a fully automatic nail-gun firing towards your body. Grab pillows and stay inside until the tornado passes.