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Black Ships Before Troy Introduction
Transcript of Black Ships Before Troy Introduction
Heroes and Heroines
The complex mythology of the Greek heroes and heroines was an important part of Greek culture. Their stories were told not only in lengthy epics such as Homer‘s Iliad and Odyssey, but also in local stories that were passed down from generation to generation. Because of this, heroes often became associated with the creation myths of local customs and phenomena, creating a complex mythology with a great deal of local variation.
The Story of the Iliad
Based on the ancient Greek epic poem, The Iliad
Attributed to the poet Homer
Set during the Trojan War the ten-year siege of the city of Troy
Ancient Greece was made up of many city states. Notice that there are a lot of islands that make up the country.
Two important places to note are Greece and Troy.
They were ruled by separate kings.
Ancient Greece is one of the earliest cultures for which we have an extensive recorded body of knowledge.
Greek authors left behind a rich and varied amount of material that is still read today.
Greek thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle formed the foundation of modern philosophy and helped shape the way people think about the world even now.
Homer is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets. These epics have had an enormous influence on the history of literature.
Greek art is equally important. To the Greeks, art allowed them to express the ideas and mythology which was the cornerstone of their culture.
Heroes played integral roles in Greek culture:
As primary characters in its complex mythology, as subjects of local religious worship, and as models that everyday Greek citizens could look up to and imitate.
City of Troy
The city of Troy was built on a slight hill. It was surrounded by a wall, much like a castle, to protect the residents from foreign invaders.
The remains of the city in its approximate location have been found today, so we believe that it really existed.
Troy is probably most remembered for the famous story of the Trojan Horse, a giant wooden horse containing Greek warriors, that was taken into the city. At night, the warriors exited the horse and burned the city to the ground. But WHY?
The basis of our modern understanding of science, math, and medicine originated in the works of Greek thinkers.
Philosophers such as Aristotle proposed a form of geometry have remained largely unchanged.
The Hippocratic Oath, written by the Greek physician Hippocrates concerning the ethical practice of medicine, is still taken by modern doctors.
Greek heroes and heroines are known to us today primarily through myths that recount their accomplishments. To the Greeks, however, they were not fictional characters, but mortals who had lived, died, and were worthy of worship. To demonstrate the qualities of a hero in Greek art, not only are the heroes‘ greatest deeds shown, but also the more private and everyday moments, as well as the adversaries that they overcame.
Heroes in Cult
Emulation of Heroes
Heroes and heroines were inherently human, and for that reason were models of behavior for the ancient Greeks. The variety of heroes meant that many people, from warriors to musicians, could look up to a specific hero as a role model.
Heroes and heroines were worshiped locally throughout Greece. Heroes were regarded as heroic ancestors, founders, protectors, healers, or helpers, but also occasionally as dangerous spirits. Worship entailed festivals, rituals, sacrifices, and offerings. In return, one could expect some other form of divine aid. Worshipers left offerings, which could vary from small models to large reliefs.