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Copy of Malaysia Plural Society-Malaysian Studies
Transcript of Copy of Malaysia Plural Society-Malaysian Studies
The Malaysian Population
The total current population of Malaysia is 29,859,609
The Malaysian citizen is made up of Malays (majority), Chinese, Indians, indigenous Sabahan, Sarawakian and others such as Eurasians.
Unity and National Integration
Concepts of Unity and Integration
Concept of Plural Society
Theory of Racial Relations
Tamil-Islam Influence during Malay Kingdom of Malacca
Indians from Punjab(Sikh)
Traditional Industrial Sector
Low Technology Level
Stay in Rural Areas
Low Exposure to Opportunities
Existence of 'Immigrant Culture'
Dominant Prime Movers
United Malay National Organization
Malayan Islamic Party(PAS)
Strong Social Ties
Strict Social Controls
Deals with the process of unification of all aspects like the physical, social, economic and political, but not including biological aspects.
Unity can also be defined as a process to generate a national identity among groups segregated in culture and social standing in a political unit.
Concept of Unity and Integration
Concept of Society
Has the characteristic of a split among the ethnic groups in a country
Consciously by law (de jure) or not based on law (de facto)
Ethnic groups are aware of each other’s norms and values but they continue to safeguard their own living culture
Live in harmony and respect
Sends a representative who re[resent his own group
Known as cultural assimilation
A minority group accept the norms, values and patterns of behaviour ( culture) of the majority group
Give the name of structural assimilation to differentiate it from acculuturation or cultural assimilation
A dominant society through friendship and close connection based on physical differences
Culture or races mixes to form types of new culture and race
Theory of Racial Relations
Weak social ties
Loosen social control
Based on sub-ethnic groups
Employment in the government service
Manufacturing in modern factory
Politically not involved ,not interested and focus in business
Leadership was given to the British
MCA protect their interests and self-government
Comprise various dialectal communities
Uniformed culture based on Taoism and Confucianism
Roots in China
Political party –MIC (Malaysian Indian Congress)
Related to development politics in India
Against the British colonialists
Involved in business
Have business skill & capital, could not utilize it
Business like restaurant business, hairdressing & cloth stores
Famous for good quality of textile
Not homogeneous GRP
Religious-Hinduism to Sikhism, Christianity & Islam
Hindus belong to Saivite sect
Subsistence & agriculture
Achievement is extremely low
Way of life- based on their settlement areas
What is a Plural Society?
According to anthropologist J.S. Furnival, plural societies is referred to a mixed society comprising several races. The term mixed society suggests, the various communities mingled and interacted with one another, but they were not integrated. Each ethnic group practised their own religions, customs, and had their own language, beliefs and culture. This society lived together, but were divided politically
The social characteristics described by Furnival are found in Malaysian society such as the diversity of culture, the physical separation, identification of ethnicy by employment, lack of social contract and the existence of dominant group politically.
A particular community of people living in a country or region, and having shared customs, laws and organizations.
Society can also be explained as an organized group of people associated togetehr for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.
The position of the Chinese in Malaya was first recongnized by the British when the Malayan Union was established in 1946.
The Ibans lives in longhouses. Are occupied by a few families but divided into different rooms and each room will be occupied by a single family.
When a baby is born, the naming process dicussions amongst the family and neighbours. The cutom of mintuhun is the ritual of setting the baby's feet upon the ground.
Was not involved
NAME : NURSHAHIRAH BINTI MOHAMAD ROSTAM
ID : 0317426
BATCH : DC 6
GROUP : 2
MALAYSIAN STUDIES BY MARDIANA NORDIN AND HASNAH HUSSIIN