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Transcript of Project D
Aims & Objectives
Permission to film
Our project is based on the question, 'Do sporting intervention programmes for young people impact on proclivity of ASB in and around Blackburn with Darwen?'
Critically analyse and evaluate our question.
Critically evaluate different studies and to involve critical research on community programmes that provide interventions for young people.
ASB statistics, theories and recommendations will be put forward.
This presentation will elaborate on how we came to the answer from our question.Before starting we expected to find that
that ASB is reduced thanks to sporting schemes, specifically on the streets.
Our primary research was concluded with a head p.e teacher to see what his thoughts were on sporting activities.ets
STREETSuk we critically analyzed by overt observations
Age appropriate schemes
Other sports for other schemes
Visit back in few months
Comparing ABS in areas that have scheme to those areas that don't. We did this by internet resources and documentation findings.
Official Statistics and documents
Official Statistics and Documents
Broken Windows Theory
Streets UK, Community Trust and to a high school p.e head teacher.
We used Primary and secondary research.
Community Trust we conducted unstructured interviews
Wilson and Kelling
Lemert 1967 “ social control leads to deviance” (Smith 2010).
“if you are noted as deviant and an outsider, you then fulfil this label leading to the self-fulfilling prophecy”.
Cohens Moral Panic
"To maintain neighborhoods will prevent crime taking a hold of that community" (Webb: 2009. 94).
Re-developed community trust
“Individuals are genetically capable of certain learning abilities” (Burke, 2005: 80).
Deviant behaviour is learned
Burke, H. R. (2005). An introduction to Criminological Theory. Collumpton: Willan.
Kirby, Warren and Koubel, Barter (eds.) (2000) Sociology in perspective. London: Heinemann
1960's psychologists identified anti-social acts characterised in children (robbins 1966).
Politicians however were interested in the 'catch all' process.
before the 1990's the term anti-social behaviour was rarely used.
in one month in 2006 over 1,500 articles in British newspapers were written on the subject (Waiton 2007).
ASB was first referred to in the Housing act 1996 and was part of their voting campaign.
Crime and Disorder Act 1998 definition of ASB.
Contrastingly Recreational activities had a better outcome.
Streets uk however neurologically
Community trust broken windows-needs funding
Studies have been ignored due to lack of comparison to other areas.
Home Office website on ASB defines as; rowdy and noisy behaviour.
Respect Action Plan 2006 added intimidating groups and nuisance acts
Youth Justice Board 2005 contributed with playing loud music and threatening remarks.
Anti-social Behaviour orders (ASBO's) and parenting orders in 1998
acceptable behaviour contracts and penalty notices for disorder for 16 and 17 year olds in 2003.
family intervention programmes in 2006.
"There is not enough for young people to do and can lead to an involvement in anti-social behaviour" (4Children 2007).
The Government have made progress in including communities with the problem instead of just blaming parents or the individual.
Accuracy with scale of ASB
Lack of systematic evidence
Linking criminal offenses with ASB
ASB related legislation
Governments need to address these issues seriously while avoiding Moral Panics.
Our answer proves the hypothesis but on a smaller scale.
CRG Research (2006) Positive Attitudes For Young People: National Evaluation Final Report ( London: Department for Education and Skills).
Anti-social crime reported within a one mile area of Blackburn town in March 2013 was 333. In comparison anti-social behaviour crime reported with a one mile radius of Preston city centre was 475 (Police 2013: Online). The reason for this could well be that Blackburn has Youth Zone within this one mile radius. The impact that schemes such as Youth Zone could be the reason that reported anti-social behaviour crime in town and city centres is lower in areas with them.
BLUE: 95% said they did
PURPLE: 5% said they didn't mind the scheme.
Did you enjoy the scheme?
Will you think more about your behaviour?
GREEN:5% They wouldn't
RED:13% said they may do
BLUE:82% said they would
Will you apply what you have learned in the play ground?
BLUE: 80% Said yes
RED: 15% Said maybe
GREEN: 5%Said no
However, to evaluate our research we discovered that participant observation provided a valid picture as oppose to questionnaires.
Smith. J.D. (2010). A New Response to Youth Crime. Willan: Cullompton.
Home Office, (2006). Anti-Social Behaviour interventions. [Online] Available at: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/hors299.pdf (Accessed: 12/04/13)
BBC News, (2011). London Riots: Looting and Violence Continue. [Online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-14439970 (Accessed: 27/04/13).
Police UK, (2013). Crime and Outcomes. [Online] Available at: http://www.police.uk/overview/?q=Blackburn+BB1%2C+UK (Accessed 27/04/13).
Safer Lancashire, 2011. Statistics. [Online] Available at: http://www.saferlancashire.co.uk/2011/statistics/index.asp (Accessed 26/04/13).
4Children (2007). Makespace Youth Review: Transforming the Offer for Young People in the UK. (London: 4Children).
Robins, L. N. (1966) Deviant Children Grown Up: A Sociological and psycharitric study of sociopathic personality (Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co).
Utting, D. (1996) Reducing Criminality Among Young people: A sample of Relevant programmes in the UK, Home office Research Study 161 ( London: Home Office).
Waiton, S. (2007). The Politics of Anti-Social Behaviour: Amoral Panics ( New York: routledge).