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Cheetah's Affected By Climate Change

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by

Shawna Steacy

on 23 November 2013

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Transcript of Cheetah's Affected By Climate Change

Climate Change in Kenya
How It's Affecting Cheetahs
In between 1960-2003 the drier parts of Kenya have
experienced a 1.5 degree change in temperature
In the next one hundred
years it is
estimated that the
temperature will rise
0.3-4.8 degrees Fahrenheit
in Kenya
It is also predicted that
the sea levels will rise
26-82 cm by 2100 because
of the melting ice caps
in the colder regions
The Indian Ocean has warmed up
about 1 degree Fahrenheit in
the past 50 years








Kenya is warming due to
the greenhouse gases from
all around the world
Characteristics of Kenya
Kenya is located
in Eastern Africa,
& is bordering the
Indian Ocean
It was estimated in 2007 that Kenya
had a population of 36,913,721 people
Graph from 2011
Indirect Effects of Climate Change:
Kenya is overpopulated due to
a high fertility rate
Because of the over population
they use more resources than
can be produced and it limits
the natural resources for other
species
Malaria is also very popular in this climate and is caused by the infections that mosquitoes are caring around.
Due to the overpopulation (people) in
Kenya they are low on food resources
and have many cases of starvation
The greenhouse effects have caused
the "wet extremes" in Kenya to increase
and the dry extremes to decrease, resulting
in a wetter climate effecting the overall
vegetation
From this I learned that
Kenya is over populated.
This graph shows
the average temperature
and rainfall in Kenya
each month
Also, it shows
the average
amount of
sunlight they
get in a day
All About Cheetahs
*Cheetahs generally live in Africa
in places like Kenya and Namibia, and Asia
*Cheetahs are normally around 30 inches tall (to shoulder) and are 4 feet long
*Cheetahs normally weigh about 69-140lbs and can run up to 70 mph(110-125 km) , being the fastest land mammal in the world
* They are lean and have long legs. They are often mistaken for a leopard as their coats look similar.
* A cheetah's coat is a tan colour with black spots. They also have long, tear like, black lines running from their eyes down to their mouth
* The life expectancy for them ranges from 8-12 years on average
*They are carnivores and generally eat; small antelope, warthogs, rabbits, game birds and many other small animals.
*Cheetahs
generally live in grassland and mountainous areas because it's easier for them to hide and catch their prey
*Female cheetahs are able to reproduce when they reach the age of 20-24 months. The mating period is all year, but peaks during the rainy seasons.
*The gestation period for a cheetah is 90-98 days, and they generally have between 2 and 5 cubs
*Cheetahs area dominant predator so they don't have many predators besides humans. But they do have competition for food and their cubs are prey for larger animals such as lions and hyenas.
A cheetah with her cubs
This will result in flooding
The warming climate could result in a drought, affecting the crops/growing season
Due to the warmer humid weather, it results in more mosquitoes filled with malaria to migrate to Kenya
From the climate change is has started to affect the cheetahs sperm and testosterone levels
The warmer weather is creating abnormal coils in thr cheetahs sperm, harshly affecting the cheetahs reproduction.
The climate change has also started to affect the gazelles which is the cheetah's primary food source
Gazelles also provide a high protein count compared to other herbivores.
But due to the poor climate conditions and human activity the gazelles population has been rapidly declining. And the cheetahs left to prey on other animals with less nutritional content.
If the cheetah has not yet been affected by the climate than the gazelle diet could help improve the cheetahs sperm health.
Kenya usually has a quite dry climate with wet seasons throughout the year
From the rising sea levels and changes in temperature it could result in more storms in Kenya

If the sea levels rise too much this could submerge parts of Kenya and the cheetah would lose its home.
From all of the different things affecting the climate it impacts the cheetahs greatly, especially because there is only around 1-2 thousand cheetahs left in Kenya, they are labeled as endangered.
Even humans have affected the cheetahs and their survival, they hunt and kill the cheetahs for their skins.
Cheetahs have been pushed out of their habitats by humans over population.
They have gotten diseases
Many have died from starvation seeing how the climate is also affecting their prey.
Adaptations:
There is a few ways to lessen the impact on the climate.
And one of the final things, the warming of the climate will cause a decrease in water availability, so the cheetahs will have a hard time getting water to drink.
There is a National Climate Change Action Plan for Kenya that has just been put in place for 2013-2017
The Kenya Vision 2030 (part of the plan) hopes to plant 7 billion trees to adress food, water and energy security.
Even though we are not in Kenya the things we do affect them as well in the long run.
Some of the things that wecould do to help is to recycle and reduce our waste.
We could get smaller more energy efficient cars and release less carbon dioxide
Even just driving less could be a big help
Or as the Kenya Plan has set, we could plant more trees to absorb more of the carbon dioxide so its not just floating around harming the environment
A final way is to just use energy efficient products or getting energy efficient ways to get your energy to your house such as solar panels and wind mills
This is an example of a solar panel that you could buy to lower the energy production and usage
The outcome for the cheetah?
Based on the fact that there is only a few thousand cheetahs left in the world, I do not think that the cheetahs will make it through the climate change.
Seeing how the cheetah is having troubles reproducing I do not think that they will be able to stabilize their species in time before they go extinct.
The only way I can see the cheetah having a chance is if humans do their best to change the effects of the climate change and do it imediatly.
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