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Copy of Berlin Wall

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James Smith

on 14 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall began construction in August 1961

The wall itself went through four major transformations during its 28-year history

It was first built as a wire fence (1961-1965) and was later reinforced by a concrete wall (1965-1975)

The third version of the Berlin Wall consisted of concrete walls supported by steel girders.

The fourth version was the most complicated and thorough, (1975-1980) It consisted of concrete slabs reaching nearly 12-feet high and had a smooth pipe across the top to prevent people from scaling the wall.
The Berlin Wall did prevent the majority of East Germans from emigrating to the West, but it did not stop the determination of some

Anyone who tried to cross to the West side without regulation was shot because they were regarded as traitors

As the Berlin Wall became stronger and larger, the escape attempts became more planned and more complex

It is estimated that somewhere between 100 and 200 people died attempting to cross the Berlin Wall

Prior to 1961, around 4 million East Germans (20% of their population) had moved westwards; rapidly losing both its labor force and its population, this imposed an economic threat to the East
Western powers saw the wall as a way to stop the flow of East Germans into West Berlin where they had access to
protection and economic opportunity.

Berliners claimed that the wall would provide protection to East Berliners from Western aggression

The Berlin Wall
stretched over a hundred miles
. It ran through the center of Berlin, and also wrapped around West Berlin, entirely cutting West Berlin off from the rest of East Germany
West Germany set up a Capitalist society and experienced a rapid growth of their economy

The Berlin Wall was the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between
(west) and
(east) during the Cold War

West Berlin was ruled by
France, Great Britain and America
; and East Berlin was solely controlled by the
Soviet Union


The City of Berlin

Berlin was the capital of Germany, since the city was located entirely within the Soviet zone of occupation, West Berlin became an island of
East Germany

The city was controlled by all four major powers
What was the Berlin Wall?
Significance of the Berlin Wall
West vs East Germany
East Germany was under the direct influence of the Soviet Union and thus a Communist society was established where the economy dragged and individual freedoms were restricted
Within a short period of time after WW2, living conditions in West Germany and East Germany became distinctly different.
Escape Attempts
Berlin Wall Transformations
Watch This
By J & C
Full transcript