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Pre-WWII

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guadalupe nieves

on 20 March 2017

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Transcript of Pre-WWII

England & France did not want to confront
Hitler’s aggression
Memories of WWI
Lack of resources during Depression
Appeasement
Military mobilization
Characteristics of Fascism
Japan vs China dilemma

FDR ignored Neutrality Acts

Continued trading with China

Isolationism:
Neutrality Acts

Neutrality Acts
Prevented loans & sales to belligerent nations

Prevented U.S. from defending Ethiopia from Italian aggression
Isolationism
Isolationism
U.S. Response:
Japanese militarists
Occupied Manchuria
… and Spain
Fascist dictatorships
World Tensions
Created a dilemma for USA
U.S. cuts oil to Japan

Japan invaded China
Prevented U.S.from helping Spanish government from being taken over by a fascist dictator
Isolationism: Neutrality Acts
Tried to pacify Hitler
Appeasement
Adolf Hitler
Nazi dictator (1933)
Denounced Versailles Treaty

WHY?
Lebensraum- living space

Occupied Rhineland (1936)
Austria (1938)
Sudetenland (1938)
Fascist Dictatorships
Wanted to recreate old
Roman Empire
Benito Mussolini (il duce)

Racial superiority
Characteristics of Fascism
Extreme nationalism
Characteristics of Fascism
USA- follows a policy of Isolationism

Neutrality Acts- USA will not lend or loan money or arms
to countries at war

Britain and France- Follow a policy of appeasement

The Nazi soviet Non-aggression Pact- USSR and Germany will not attack each other

Third Reich- Germany empire

Western Democracies fail
to Stop Aggression
Policy of appeasement Britain and France allows him to
continue to defy the treaty:

Rearms Germany
Anschluss- Austria
Remilitarizes the Rhineland

Rome-Berlin axis- treaty Between Who?
Japan later joins= Axis Powers

Hitler defies Versailles

The League of Nations failure to stop Japan in Manchuria encouraged Mussolini to invade Ethiopia

Ethiopia was only one of four remaining independent states again the League of Nations did nothing

Hailie Selassie- “it is us today; tomorrow it will be you”

Mussolini Attacks Ethiopia

In 1937 a border incident between China and Japan
set of a full Japanese invasion

The Japanese were better equip and swept through China with ease.

When Japanese soldiers reach the capital, Nanjing, they killed tens of thousands of Chinese soldiers and civilians.

Rape of Nanjing

Japan invades Manchuria, China, to gain control of the Mines and to build factories

This is the first challenge the League of Nations is faced with

The League of Nations condemned the action but had no power to enforce.

Japan ignored the protest and withdrew 1933

Japan Invades Manchuria

Sudeten Germans wanted to join Nazi Germany

Czechs refused to give power to Hitler and asked France for help.

Mussolini calls a meeting of France Germany, Italy, and Britain in Munich.

The Czechs were not invited, and Chamberlain, Britain Prime Minister gave in to Hitler, thus preventing war



Six month later Hitler attacks Czechoslovakia.

Munich Conference


The democracy was weak and was unable
to handle the Great Depression

Militarist Take control- Traditional
gov. headed by Emperor Hirohito.

Japan Seeks an Empire

Full transcript