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The Learning Process

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by

Sean Amavisca

on 2 August 2016

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Transcript of The Learning Process

Creating The Optimal Learning Environment
Must Consider:
Motivation
Self-esteem
Anxiety
The Functional Approach to Grammar
Second Language Acquisition
The Learning Process
Learner
Input
Fluency
Approach to Grammar
Pure Grammatical
Approach
Pure Communicative Approach
50% Grammatical
50% Communicative
Purely Grammatical Approach
Axiom 1
All Language = Rules (grammar) Words
Axiom 2
The only way to learn a language is through consciously learning grammar
Problem with Axiom 1
Language is dynamic and evolves through time
600-1066 AD
1066-1500
1500-1650
1650-present
Middle English:
Norman conquest-large French influence
The Early Modern English Period
Present-day English Period
A Brief History of English
That vs. Which
Purely Communicative Approach
No place for consciously learned grammar
Optimal Approach
Primarily Communicative
Some Consciously Learned Grammar using
Functional Approach
Language and the Brain
(CPU)
(RAM)
subject-verb-object structure
Tense-aspect relationships
Function words (e.g. auxiliary verbs, infinitives, articles)
complex sentence construction
Grammatically incorrect output
Stative Verbs
Traditional Approach

Functional Approach

Motivation
A person's willingness to learn
Self-esteem
Comfort and confidence using the language
Anxiety
Pressure or stress a person feels in a learning environment
Maximize
Maximize
Minimize
Creating Information for the Classroom
Interesting and comprehensible
Real World
Classes
Ideas for Interesting and Comprehensible Information
The languages of Germanic peoples gave rise to the English language
Hwæt. We Gardena in gear-dagum, þeodcyninga, þrym gefrunon, hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon.
-
Beowulf
(composed sometime between the 8th and 11th century)
Listen! We have heard of the glory in bygone days
of the folk-kings of the spear-Danes,
how those noble lords did lofty deeds.
Translation
Whan that Aprill with his shoures soote
The droghte of March hath perced to the roote,
And bathed every veyne in swich licour
Of which vertu engendred is the flour,
When April with his showers sweet with fruit
The drought of March has pierced unto the root
And bathed each vein with liquor that has power
To generate therein and sire the flower;
Translation
The Canterbury Tales
By Geoffrey Chaucer
-
Written at the end of the 14th Century
'Tis but thy name that is my enemy;
Thou art thyself, though not a Montague.
What's Montague? it is nor hand, nor foot,
Nor arm, nor face, nor any other part
Belonging to a man. O, be some other name!
What's in a name? that which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet;
Romeo and Juliet
by William Shakespeare
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way
A Tale of Two Cities
by Charles Dickens
-
Published in 1859
-
Published in 1597
majority of language teaching
take attention away from learning process
Example:
wide variety of topics covered
Highly interactive classes
Directly useful information
Full transcript