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Ethics in Psychological Research part1- Dealing with Your Subjects
Transcript of Ethics in Psychological Research part1- Dealing with Your Subjects
with Human Participants Informed Consent and Deception Researcher informs participants:
all aspects of the research that might reasonably be expected to influence willingness to participate
explains all other aspects of the research about which participants inquire. potential participants’ decision whether to participate in an experiment a research technique in which the participant is misled about some aspect of the project; may be unethical types of deception in experimental research:
deception concerning the purpose of an experiment
deception concerning the experiences that the participant will have during the experiment Freedom to Withdraw potential participants’ decision whether to participate in an experiment a research technique in which the participant is misled about some aspect of the project; may be unethical participants should be allowed to decline to participate or to withdraw at any time Protection from Harm and Debriefing the participant should be able to receive help or advice from the researcher if problems should arise
the investigator explains the general purposes of the research
the researcher completely describes the manipulations so that any questions or misunderstandings may be removed when subjects are told all details of an experiment after they have participated; an ethical obligation of the researcher Removing Harmful Consequences If a participant could suffer long-term consequences as a result of serving in a research project, the investigator has the responsibility for removing harmful consequences Confidentiality What a person does in an experiment should be confidential unless otherwise agreed. "Ethical decisions must sometimes be made on the basis of pragmatic concerns." In other words, people involved in making decisions about a research project must focus on how best to protect the participants and at the same time conduct a meaningful, valid project. Research with Animals Psychologists acquire, care for, use, and dispose of animals in compliance with current federal, state, and local laws and regulations, and with professional standards. Psychologists trained in research methods and experienced in the care of laboratory animals supervise all procedures involving animals and are responsible for ensuring appropriate consideration of their comfort, health, and humane treatment. Psychologists ensure that all individuals under their supervision who are using animals have received instruction in research methods and in the care, maintenance, and handling of the species being used, to the extent appropriate to their role. Psychologists make reasonable efforts to minimize the dis-comfort, infection, illness, and pain of animal subjects Psychologists use a procedure subjecting animals to pain, stress, or privation only when an alternative procedure is unavailable and the goal is justified by its prospective scientific, educational, or applied value. Psychologists perform surgical procedures under appropriate anesthesia and follow techniques to avoid infection and minimize pain during and after surgery When it is appropriate that an animal’s life be terminated, psychologists proceed rapidly, with an effort to minimize pain and in accordance with accepted procedures. Based on the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, Standard 8